Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » English Essay on “Mahatma Gandhi – Father of The Nation” complete Paragraph and Speech for School, College Students, essay for Class 8, 9, 10, 12 and Graduation Classes.

English Essay on “Mahatma Gandhi – Father of The Nation” complete Paragraph and Speech for School, College Students, essay for Class 8, 9, 10, 12 and Graduation Classes.

Mahatma Gandhi – Father of The Nation

Essay No. 01

Mahatma Gandhi was popularly known as Bapu or The father of the Nation. He was responsible for the freedom of the country. He was a firm believer in non-violence and has left his footprints on the sands of time. He died like Jesus Christ and Guru Teg Bahadur for the freedom of the country.

The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar in Kathiawar. His father was the Dewan of Rajkot and Bikaroer. His mother was a pious lady.

Gandhi had his education in India and in England. He was married to Kasturaba at the early age of thirteen. He passed Matriculation in 1887 and went to London to Graduate in law and there he was called to the bar. On return to India he failed to be a successful lawyer because of his extreme devotion to truthfulness, while the profession of law thrives entirely on lying and cheating.

In 1893 Gandhiji went to South Africa as a lawyer to a rich merchant but soon he turned to politics to help the Indians who were leading a miserable life. In 1894 he founded the Natal Congress to defend the Indians in South Africa.

In 1913 Gandhiji returned to India and plunged himself in the struggle of independence. He led four Civil Disobedience Movements and was imprisoned by the British several times. In 1942, he led the Quit India Movement which led to freedom in 1947.

Essay No. 02

Father of The Nation


Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is the father of the nation. Under his able and non-violent leadership, India got freedom for foreign rule.

He was born on 2nd October 1869. He was an ordinary student but showed signs of future greatness. He was influenced by Raja Harishchandra’s love for truth. He himself practised it in his life. He had deep faith in God.

He becomes a barrister. In South Africa, he saw the way Asians were treated. They were victims of racial prejudice. He fought against the rulers of white government. He was sent to jail many times but he was not scared of such punishments.

On his return to India, he influenced the Indian masses with his non-violence or Ahimsa. Soon he becomes the leader of the Indian National Congress. His two powerful weapons for freedom were non-violence and Satayagraha. These helped in our freedom struggle. We achieved freedom with- out shedding any blood.

He worked for Hindu-Muslim unity. He launched many Satyagrahas. He laid stress on hand made clothes. He taught as the dignity of labour. People become his followers from the core of their hearts. He discarded foreign clothes and goods. The people of India followed his example. He only wore loin cloth, as he believed his countrymen to be poor. He believed in simple living and high thinking. Even his enemies were impressed by his simplicity truthfulness, non-violence, sincerity of purpose and strength of character.

He worked for the upliftment of the poor and the downtrodden. It is a matter of shame that he was killed by his own countryman on 30th January 1948, a year after India got freedom. The best tribute will be to follow the ways he had shown us. His Samadhi was built in Delhi at ‘Raj Ghat’. He was the true torch bearer of our struggle for freedom. People lovingly called him ‘Bapu’.


The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *