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English Essay on “India’s Nuclear Tests” Complete Essay, Paragraph, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

India’s Nuclear Tests

India tested the first nuclear device in 1974 at Pokhran in Rajasthan under the premiership of Late Mrs. Indira Gandhi. This issue started a debate whether India has a nuclear power. No Government could say for certainty that India was a nuclear power.

Unexpectedly, India conducted a series of five nuclear tests again at `Buddha—Sthar (Pokhran) in Rajasthan. Three nuclear tests were conducted on May 11, 1998 and two tests were conducted on May 13, 1998. Former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee hurriedly called a press conference. He announced that India has become a nuclear power and the Indian scientists, Rajgopalan Chidambrani and Abdul Kalam have made it possible. Now India has a unique distinction of being a member of the nuclear club. Hitherto, the countries which had nuclear weapons were U.S.A., England, France, Russia and China. Pakistan also tested nuclear device soon after India had done it in 1998.

The nuclear explosion amazed the entire world. The houses in, the village Khetolai got cracks because they were quite near to the place of testing. The inhabitants of the village did not show an anxiety, worry or protest over their individual losses. Rather, than great success made them swell with joy. Former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee visited the area on 20th May, 1998. He gave the slogan to the nation: `Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Vigyan’. Every body shared the Prime Minister’s sense of national pride. The P.M underlined the necessity of nuclear capability which would ensure India’s security.

The former P.M. highlighted the fact that India has become nuclear deterrent. The P.M.’s critics said that there was no sudden threat to India’s security from her neighbours like Pakistan and Chin Therefore, it is unwise to waste a big amount on secondary issue. The same money could be utilised for removal of poverty and unemployment. They even labelled it as a step taken for political reasons.

Our nuclear powers showed their reaction variously. U.S.A. Russia, France, Japan and China etc. even threatened to stop granting financial aid to India. However, India did not bow her head down before these threats.

The P.M. was not the least affected by these threats and steps. As a counter reply he clarified to the infuriated nations that stopping aid would have no impact on India’s economy. The government was prepared to run smoothly without foreign help.

Our main objective behind conducting the nuclear tests is to apprise the neighboring countries that India can counter their warring capability and intentions. India is now in the capacity of self-defence. The developed countries must not become oblivious of the fact that India has already conducted her first nuclear test -in 1974. The five nuclear tests conducted in 1998 are merely the supplements.

Out of 2052 nuclear tests conducted hitherto in the world, America alone has conducted 1032 nuclear tests within a period 53 years. Similarly, Russia, France, Britain and China have also conducted 715, 210, 457, 44 .nuclear tests.

U.S.A. has been insisting that India should sign C.T.B.T. (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) but India declined to do so. Some countries which have signed the C.T.B.T. already have piles of nuclear weapons. They were not ready to destroy their stock pile. India called it a double standard and demanded that she too should e included in the list of nuclear club. She also demanded that the biased clauses of the C.T.B.T. may also be deleted.

India, Pakistan and Israel alone were against the C.T.B.T. India is a peaceful country. She has made her own atom bomb to safeguard herself against black-mail from China and Pakistan and aggression of other nuclear powers. China has exploded a large number of atom and hydrogen bombs and has perfected the delivery system. It has brought the whole of India within her direct hitting range. China and the U.S.A. played a crucial part during the 1971 Indo-Pak war on the strength of their nuclear power

Pakistan has again threatened India that she has set up a nuclear often exert evil influence on our life. Only by reading a standard reactor at Kahuta; near Islamabad. The only alternative left with us by now is to meet the challenge and survive the nuclear deterrent. Our philosophy of truth and non-violence would prove ineffective when our staunch enemies are staring us in the face. A nuclear weapon alone is the answer for nuclear attack.

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