Home » Languages » English (Sr. Secondary) » Article, Paragraph, Essay on “Indian Cinema – Overview” article for Class 10, Class 12, Graduation Classes and descriptive examination

Article, Paragraph, Essay on “Indian Cinema – Overview” article for Class 10, Class 12, Graduation Classes and descriptive examination

Indian Cinema – Overview

The Cinema of India consists of movies created from corner to corner in India. Cinema has enormous fame in the country. As many as 1800 movies in different language are formed in every year. The number of films created and the number of tickets are sell. Indian cinema is the largest film industry in the world in 2011 over 3.5 billion tickets were sold across the world. Indian films have a broad throughout Southern Asia and are obtainable in ordinary cinemas across other parts of Asia, Europe, the Greater Middle East, North America, Eastern Africa, and elsewhere. Indian cinema is considered to be the world’s largest film industry with admiration to the number of films it produce and the number of people working within the film monarchy. Indian cinema and Western cinema work according to very diverse budget.

The word Bollywood is misunderstood with Indian cinema as a entire refers just to the Hindi-language industry in the city of Mumbai. There are several different regional film industries throughout the country each in a different language. The most famous ones are Tamil – Kollywood, Telugu – Tollywood, and movies in other regional languages like Kannada, Bengali, Marathi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Malayalam, Bhojpuri and many more.

Indian Cinema admired in the early twentieth century during the globe. Unlike theatre performance, cinema has historically been, and continues to be, reasonably priced for the common man. Cinema permitted for films to relate social struggles and portray daily life in the city for broad audience. India’s independence the new state had many stories to tell, and the newfound voice to do it. The cinema was the form of inexpensive entertainment, and the industry respond to this need by produce films that catered to popular culture. India continues to be the largest producer of films in the world. Many films keep the observer with worldwide themes, entertaining songs, and fun dance numbers. The twenty million nation go to the cinema daily, and can be regard as India’s religion with the large following and strong connection with Indian culture and identity.


 Dadasaheb Phalke was the unconfined first ever full-length feature film ‘Raja Harishchandra’ in 1913. The silent film was a profitable success. Dadasaheb was not only the producer but was also the director, writer, cameraman, editor, make-up artist and art director. Raja Harishchandra was the first ever Indian film which was screened in London in 1914. Though Indian Cinema’s first mogul, Dadasaheb Phalke supervises and manages the making of twenty three films from 1913 to 1918, the initial growth of the Indian Film Industry was not as fast as that of Hollywood.

The new production companies emerge in the early 1920s. Films based on legendary and chronological truth and episode from Mahabharata and Ramayana conquered the 20s but Indian audiences also welcomed Hollywood movies, particularly the action films.


The regional film industry also made its own scratch. The first Bengali feature film ‘Nal Damyanti’ in 1917 was produced by J.F. Madan with Italian actors in the leading roles. It was photographed by Jyotish Sarkar.

The first silent South Indian feature film named ‘Keechaka Vadham’. The movie was made by R. Nataraja Mudaliar of Madras .Dadasaheb Phalke’s daughter Manadakini was the first female child star who acted as the child Krishna in Phalke’s ‘Kaliya Mardan’ in 1919.

The first ever talkie film in Bengali was ‘Jamai Shashthi’, which was screened in 1931 and produced by Madan Theatres Ltd. ‘Kalidass’ was the initial Tamil talkie which was out in Madras on 31 October 1931 and directed by H.M. Reddy. Apart from Bengali and South Indian languages regional films were also made in other language such as Assamese, Oriya, Punjabi, Marathi, and many more.

‘Ayodhecha Raja’ was the first Marathi film which was directed by V. Shantaram in 1932. This film was made in double version. ‘Ayodhya ka Raja’ in Hindi and ‘Ayodhecha Raja’ in Marathi was the first ever Indian talkie produced by Prabhat Film Company in 1932.


The number of films being produced saw a brief decline during the World War II. Basically the birth of modern Indian Film industry took place around 1947. The stage witnessed an extraordinary and outstanding conversion of the film industry. The famous filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, and Bimal Roy made movies which alert on the survival and daily miseries of the lower class. The past and fabulous subject took a back seat and the films with social messages began to lead the industry. These films were based on themes such as prostitution, dowry, polygamy and other malpractices which were common in our society.

In the 1960s new directors like Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, and others alert on the real evils of the common man. They directed some outstanding movies which enable the Indian film industry to slice a niche in the International film scenario.

The 1950s and 1960s are consider to be the golden age in the history of the Indian cinema and saw the rise of some brilliant actors like Guru Dutt, Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari, Madhubala, Nargis, Nutan, Dev Anand, Waheeda Rehman, among others.


The 1970s saw the initiation of Bollywood movies. The audience were enthralled and mesmerised by the quality of actors like Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar, Hema Malini, and many others. The most well-known and successful director, Manmohan Desai was consider by some people as the father of Masala movies. The movie Sholay is the innovative film directed by Ramesh Sippy, not only got international accolade but also made Amitabh Bachchan a Superstar.

Some women directors like Meera Nair, Aparna Sen and others showcased their talents in the 1980s. The 1990s saw a whole new batch of actors like Shah Rukh Khan, Salman Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Aamir Khan, Juhi Chawla, Chiranjivi, and many more. This new kind of actors used innovative technique to improve their performances which promote the Indian Film Industry. In 2008 was a prominent year for the Indian film industry as A.R. Rahman received two academy awards for best soundtrack for Slumdog Millionaire. The role of the out of the country market in Bollywood box office collection is fairly amazing. The approximately 30 film making companies were planned in National Stock Exchange of India in 2013. The multiplexes too have boom in India due to tax incentive. Indian cinema has become a part and parcel of our daily life whether it is a regional or a Bollywood movie. It has a major role to play in our society. Though entertainment is the key word of Indian cinema it has far more responsibility as it impacts the mind of the audiences.


The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *