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General Information of India ” India at a Glance”, General Knowledge.

 

     INDIA AT A GLANCE

 

Total Area                           32,87,263  sq. km      

Population                          1.21 Billion (121 cr)  

Largest population           Uttar Pardesh    

Minimum Population      Sikkim

Highest Per Capita           Chandigarh Income

Highest Literacy rate       Tripura

Lowest in literacy rate     Bihar

Capital                                 New Delhi

States ,U.T.                         29,7

Highest density of           West Bengal

Population

Largest in area                   Rajasthan

Minimum area                   Goa

2nd Highest Literacy         Mizoram

Rate

 

 

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Hindi in Devanagari script is the official language of the Union.

NATIONAL FLAG

                                The national flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions. The ratio of the width of the Flag to its length is two to three. In the center of the white band is a wheel, in navy blue, which represents the Chakra. Its design is that of the wheel (Chakra) which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. It has 24 spokes. The design of the flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947.

 

NATIONAL EMBLEM

                                The national Emblem of India is the replica of capital (top portion) Ashoka’s pillar at the Sarnath. It shows three lions with open mouths (the fourth which is visible in the Ashoka pillar is invisible in the State Emblem considered hidden from view). There is Dharma Chakra in the center of the base plate, with the figure of a bull on the right side and that of a horse on the left. The words Satymev Jayate from the Mundaka Upanished (meaning ‘Truth alone trimphs’) are inscribed below the emblem in the Devanagari script.

                                The State Emblem was adopted by the Government of India on January 26,1950.

 

NATIONAL ANTHEM

                                Composed by Rabindra Nath Tagore, the song jana-gana-mana is the National Anthem of India. It was adopted by the Constituent assembly of India on January 24,1950 as India’s National Anthem. The complete song consists of five stanzas but the first stanza constitutes the full version of the National Anthem. The playing time of the full version of the National Anthem is about 52 seconds.

 

NATIONAL SONG

                                Composed by Bankim Chandra Chettarji, the song Vande Mataram is the National Song of India, This song has been a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It was first sung at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. If reads:

 

NATIONAL ANIMAL

The majestic tiger, which symbolizes power and gorgeousness, is the national Animal of India.

 

NARIONA BIRD

The magnificent Peacock is the national Bird of India.

NATIONAL FLOWER

Lotus is the National Flower of India.

 

NAIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL ————– Dolphin

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