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Essay/Paragraph or Speech on “Mahatma Gandhi” Complete Paragraph or Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat in a family of traders. His father worked as a Diwan in a Zamindari state. Mohandas completed his school and college education in Gujarat. Then he went to England to study law. After passing his law examination, Mohandas returned to India and went to Practice in the Bombay court.

In 1893, he went to South Africa to solve certain legal problems faced by the Indian living there, due to oppression and suppression of the British rulers. It was in South Africa that Gandhiji realized the philosophical principle of life that had, in the course of time, brought about a tremendous change in his life.

Gandhiji introduced non – violent, non –cooperation movement which proved successful and the Indians were no more oppressed by the Government. After a few years, Gandhiji returned to India, and joined the Indian National Congress to fight the cause of liberation of India from the British rule.

In India also, Gandhiji applied the same policy of Satyagraha  and the rulers were upset in the face of this novel political formula. Gandhiji knew that the Indians were not equipped with weapons to fight the mighty British rulers. So he asked his countryman to boycott British goods and use Swadeshi (country-made) goods and to ignore British administration without any violence. He himself used a primitive wooden spinning wheel for making rough cotton khadi for his simple dress and a chaddar.  

Gandhiji marched out of his ashram with his followers to Dandi on the bank of the Indian Ocean and made salt from sea water. As the making of salt was prohibited by the Government , Congress workers were beaten , arrested and jailed. In 1942, Gandhiji offered “Quit India” slogan to his countrymen. India won freedom on 15th August, 1947. On 30 January, 1948 Ganhiji was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, the editor of Hindi Rashtra (Hindu Nation ).

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