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UPSC Civil Services Examination Syllabus of “Malyalam” Preliminary and Mains Exam.

Syllabus of “Malyalam”

Paper – 1

(Answers must be written in Malayalam)

SECTION-A

Unit 1-Early phase of Malayalam Language:

1.1 Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit. 

1.2 Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavaran

1.3 Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works at Krishnagatha.

Unit 2-Linguistic features of :

2.1 Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works-Champ Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala work P medieval Champu and Attakkatha.

2.2 Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.

2.3 Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmandapuranar 1 Attaprakaram, Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.

Unit 3-Standardisation of Malayalam:

3.1 Peculairities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal.

3.2 Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.

3.3 Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam: Malayalam as administrav language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.

SECTION-B

Literary History

Unit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature:

4.1 Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.

4.2 Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravala works including attakkath. and champu.

4.3 Folk literature.

4.4 Kilippattu, Tullal and Mahakavya.

Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poerty:

5.1 Venmani poets and contemporaries.

5.2 The advent of Romanticism-Poerty of Kavitraya i.e., Man, Ulloor and Vallathol

5.3 Poetry after Kavitraya. 5.4 Modernism in Malayalam poetry.

Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose:

6.1 Drama

6.2Novel

6.3 short story

6.4 Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.

Paper – 2

(Answers must be written in Malayalam)

This paper will require first hand reading of the text prescribed and is designed to jest the candidate’s critical ability.

SECTION-A

Unit 1

1.1 Ramacharitam-Patalam 1.

1.2 Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.

1.3 Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana

1.4 Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishmaparvam.

Unit 2

2.1 Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita.

2.2 Vailoppilli-Kutiyozhilckal.

2.3 G Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.

2.4 N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.

Unit 3

3.1 ONV -Bhumiklcoru Charamagitam

3.2 Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.

3.3 Akkittam-Pandatha Messanthi

3.4 Attur Ravivarma-Megharu pan.

SECTION-B

Unit 4

4.1  O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha

4.2 Thakazhy-Chemmin.

4.3 O.V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.

5.1 MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).

Unit 5

5.2 N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).

5.3 C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.

Unit 6

6.1 Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharataparyatanam

6.2 M. K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute snehabhajanam

6.3 V.T. BhattathirippadKnnirum Kinavum.

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