Home » Paragraph Writing » Paragraph on “ History of  Moses” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

Paragraph on “ History of  Moses” complete paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12

 History of  Moses


The Jews, or Hebrews, as they were also called, under the leadership of their patriarch Abraham, emigrated first from Mesopotamia to Canaan in Plaestine about 2000 BC. Much of our information about early Jewish history comes from the Old Testament and according to the biblical story they suffered terrible hardships from famine in their new country.

Therefore, the grandson of Abraham, known as Jacob or Israel, decided to move with his family to Egypt where the land was more fertile. Here his descendants or Israelites as they became known, lived for several hundred years growing in numbers and prosperity. However, about the fourteenth century before Christ a new Egyptian dynasty reduced the Israelites to slavery and the Pharaoh or ruler of Egypt ordered that all newborn Israelite male children were to be put to death.

It was during this period that Moses was born to Israelite parents. His mother was determined to save him. The Bible tells us that when he was three months old, she placed him in a basket made of bulrushes by the bank of the river. The baby was discovered by a daughter of the Pharaoh, who brought him up as her adopted son.

Some years later Moses was forced to flee from Egypt when he killed a man who was ill-treating an Israelite slave. The Bible tells us that it was while Moses was in exile that he received a command from Jehovah — the name of God in the Old Testament. He was to return to Egypt, lead his people out of captivity, and take them back to Canaan (the Promised Land) where their ancestors had lived. Moses did not believe he was capable of performing such a difficult task, but Jehovah promised to help him.

When Moses returned to Egypt and asked the Pharaoh to release the Israelites he stubbornly refused. It was not until Egypt had been struck by ten dreadful plagues, as re-corded in the Bible, that the Pharaoh reluctantly agreed to let all the Israelites leave Egypt. The Exodus, as it is known, then began. Even then the Pharaoh changed his mind and set off in pursuit of them, but his army was destroyed when it tried to follow the Israelites across the Red Sea.

Moses took his people towards Mount Sinai and it was here that Jehovah offered to make the Israelites his chosen people. Ac-cording to the Bible, Moses received from Jehovah the Ten Commandments engraved on tablets of stone, which he then presented to his followers. Moses spent forty days on Mount Sinai in communion with Jehovah. During this time many of his people began worshipping a golden calf and were punished by Jehovah for their idolatry.

Moses intended to lead the Israelites to Canaan and take possession of the country, but when they saw how strong the Canaanites were they lacked the courage to press ahead. They rebelled against Moses’ leadership and were forced to spend forty years wandering in the wilderness. It was during this period that Moses is supposed to have written the first five books of the Old Testament.

A new generation of Israelites grew up and under the leadership of Joshua were able to conquer Canaan. Moses did not live to see this but was permitted a glimpse of the Promised Land before his death.

It is difficult for us to know the whole truth about Moses, who is now such a remote figure, but there is no doubt that he possessed outstanding qualities. He is rightly remembered as a great and courageous leader and the Exodus is one of the central events of Jewish history. He established the moral and religious principles on which the Jewish faith is based, drew up a permanent code of laws, and gave his people the national unity and sense of uniqueness which they have never lost.


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