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Essay on “Rabindranath Tagore” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.


Rabindranath Tagore

5 Best Essay on “Rabindranath Tagore”

Essay No. 01

Rabindra Nath Tagore was born on 8th May 1861 in Jorasanku in Calcutta. His father, maharishi Debendra Nath was a great landlord and was known as Thakur, the word which got changed into Tagore, his mother’s name was Sharda Devi. He was the youngest of the fourteen children in the family of Debendra Nath and Sharda Devi.

Rabindra Nath Tagore was one of the greatest men of India and he was easily one of the greatest literary personages of the world. He was a versatile genius, being a poet, novelist, playwright, essayist, short story writer, statesman, musician, etc fighter all rolled into one. He was both a great nationalist and an internationalist and universalist and humanist in equal measure.

He wrote originally in Bengali but later translated his own works into Eng. His world-famous work of lyrics the Gitanjali, for which he won the Nobel Prize in 1913, was also originally written in Bengali but later translated into Eng. By the poet himself.

He was a great lover of his country of humanity and children in particular. He believed in nonviolence and rejected traditionalism as much as western chauvinism. The Indian National Anthem Janta Ganga Mana was written by him. He also set up the Shantiniketan with the money he got from the Nobel Prize. He gave up the title of ‘sir’ as a protest against the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy in 1919. He died on 8th Aug. 1941.


Essay No. 02


Rabindranath Tagore

Originally Banerji’s received the appellation of Thakur in the seventeenth century. Thakur means ‘respected lord’. The name later anglicized as Tagore. Rabindranath the youngest son of Devendranath, earned the title of Maharishi (the greatest sage) for his profound religious nature and piety.

Rabindranath was born on May 6, 1861, in the heart of Calcutta, where the family had lived for generations. The boy was brought up strictly. His childhood was not happy. His mother died when he was quite young and his early upbringing was mostly in the hands of the servants.

He had a dislike for conventional schooling. He was sent to the Bengal Academy, and then to St. Xavier’s, “but his resolute refusal to be educated stood proof against authority and blandishment, and he was allowed to study at home”. He received the first impressions of the Upanishads under the guidance of his father, and he read extensively the works of medieval mystics and the Vaishnav poets of India.

In 1877 he went to England to study law. The profession did not appeal to him and he returned to India after a stay of only one year. He had begun to write verse almost as soon as he could walk; his work appeared in print before he was fifteen, and before he was eighteen he had published over six thousand lines of verse and a great quantity of prose. He actively participated in the attempts to start a Bengali Literary Academy and was a frequent contributor to various periodicals. He came to be known as the “Lapsing poet and the “Bengali Shelley”.

Bengal in the closing years of the nineteenth century was in the grip of a Renaissance in religion, literature, and politics. Rabindranath entered the field with the incentive to create new art and new standards. At this time the poet was at the height °f his powers, which found expression in poetry, drama, and novels. 1901 saw the foundation of his school, Shantiniketan (The peace Retreat) near Bolpur in Bengal. Shantiniketan was to be the nuclei of the cultural organization on the model of the ancient Indian forest schools, which used to attract students from distant countries. At Shantiniketan. Rabindranath hoped to recapture the meditative calm of ancient India and provide an environment where the mind of the young “might expand into the love of Beauty and God. Many eminent Indian scholars and artists gave devoted service to it. Shantiniketan became Vishvabharti (world university) in 1921.

He wrote vigorous political poems, songs, and essays. The Partition of Bengal in 1905 produced a tense atmosphere, and Rabindranath’s writing at this period was saturated with politics. His Jana Gana Mana is now our national anthem.

The year 1907 to 1912 were rich in literary activities, Gitanjali (song offering) was published in 1909. Gitanjali is the voice of one who, through much suffering, had attained joyous serenity. Some passages in it, Maeterlinck said, “are among the loftiest, most profound and most divinely human ever written.”

Rabindranath was awarded the Noble Prize for literature in 1913. The University of Calcutta conferred on honorary Doctorate upon him in the same year.

The massacre of Jallianwala Bagh at Amritsar touched Rabindranath so deeply that he renounced his Knighthood, a protest against the atrocious firing on an innocent and peaceful gathering.

At his death on August 7, 1941, thinking men throughout the world paid tributes to his work as poet and educationist, humanist and artist, social reformer and philosopher. Rabindranath Tagore may be summed up in Shelley’s words, “A poet participates in the eternal, the infinite and the one. It is impossible to read the composition of the most celebrated writers of the present day without being startled by the electric life which burns in their work. Poets are the hieroglyph ants of an unapprehended inspiration—the unacknowledged legislators of the world.”


Essay No. 03


Rabindranath Tagore


India: Great Poet and Philosopher,

Birth: 1861  Death: 1941

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore is one of our country’s most distinguished and respected men of letters. Tagore was also a novelist, playwright, painter, philosopher, educationist, freedom fighter, and actor. On 13 November 1913, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his collection of well-known poems Gitanjali.

Tagore also wanted to evolve a world culture, a synthesis of eastern and western values and to this end, he also founded an international educational institute ‘Shantiniketan’, at Bolepur in West Bengal in 1901. Shantiniketan later developed into the Vishvabharti University. Tagore was a voluminous writer. Besides the famous Gitanjali his other well known poetic works include Sonar Tani, Puravi, The Cycle of the Spring, The Evening Songs, and The Morning Songs. The names of some of his well-known novels are Gora, The Wreck, Raja our Rani, Muktdhara, Raj Rishi, Ghar Baire, Nauka Dubi, and Bindoni. Chitra is his famous play in verse. KabuliWallah and Kshudit Pashan are his two famous stories. All of us know that our National Anthem `Jana Gana Mana…’ was composed by Tagore.

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7th May 1861 in Calcutta. His father’s name was Devendranath. The British Government honored him with the title of ‘Sir’. But he returned this title in 1919, in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.

This great son of India died on 8th August 1941, aged 80. His 127th birth anniversary was celebrated with great enthusiasm on 7th May 1988.


Essay No. 04


Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was born in 1861. He was the youngest son of Debendra Nath Tagore. He was educated at home; and although at seventeen he was sent to England for formal schooling, he did not finish his studies there.

He also started an experimental school at Shantiniketan where he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education.

Tagore was knighted by the ruling British Government in 1915, but within a few years, he resigned the honor as a protest against British policies in India.

Tagore had early success as a writer in his native Bengal. With his translations of some of his poems, he became rapidly known in the West.

For the world he became the voice of India’s spiritual heritage; and for India, especially for Bengal, he became a great living institution.

He wrote musical dramas, dance dramas, essays of all types, travel diaries, and two autobiographies, one in his middle years and the other shortly before his death in 1941.

Tagore also left numerous drawings and paintings, and songs for which he wrote the music himself.


Essay No. 05

Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was a great Bengali poet. At the same time, he was a short-story writer, poet, playwright, and essayist. He was also an active freedom fighter. On 13 November 1913, he was awarded Nobel Prize in Literature for his book Gitanjali. He wrote Gitanjali in 1910. This book is a collection of poems.

Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 at Jorasanko, Kolkata. He was the youngest son of Maharishi Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. His father was a religious reformer. Tagore had his education mostly at home under private tutors. Then he studied at the University College in London for one year. Apart from poetry, he had written novels, travel accounts, musical plays, symbolic dramas, and essays. Tagore took up painting in the later 1920s. Rabindranath Tagore became the most renowned poet of his time. His works have been translated into many languages. His book Gitanjali was published in English in 1912. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Gitanjali. Tagore was the first Asian to get the Nobel Prize. His writings inspired writers, scholars, patriots, and even ordinary men in India and abroad.

In 1915, Tagore was awarded Knighthood, but he renounced it in 1919 as a protest against the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre. Tagore’s other well-known poetic works include Sonar Tari, Purvi, Sandhya Sangeet. Some well-known novels include Gora, Raja our Rani, Muktdhara, Raj Rishi, Gharc Baire, NaukaDubi, and Binodini.

His memorable plays are — Visarjan, Dak Ghar, Rakta Karabi, and Chitrangada. Tagore’s best-loved stories include Kabuliwala, Chhutti, Khsudhita Pashan., Sabha, and Nastanir.

In December 1901, he established a school at Santiniketan in West Bengal. In 1921, this school became Visva-Bharati UnivesrityRabindranath was a great patriot.

In 1899, he also worked with Sister Nivedita in organizing relief for plague victims in Kolkata. Tagore composed the National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana’. This was sung at the Kolkata Congress in 1941. His songs led the patriotic upsurge among people. Tagore called Gandhiji as Mahatma.

Tagore passed away in 1941, leaving behind a legacy of world literature. He was considered one of the most influential Indian authors.


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  1. Debapriti Ghosh says:


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