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Essay on “Biodiversity” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.



       Synopsis: The assemblage of plant and animal life constitutes biodiversity. The earth is a unique planet because it is the only known living one with rich biodiversity.  There might be hundreds of thousands of living things still not known and cataloged.  India herself in one of the mega-counties of biodiversity as she is very rich in flora and fauna but may of tram are goody extinct and many others on the rage of extinction.  Biological diversity is one of the most valuable assets of the earthy and the result of a millions of years of evolution since life first appeared here. Man is the croons of this biodiversity but unfortunately also an instrument of its destruction and depletion.  The impact of rapidly increasing human population has been disastrous on biodiversity, consequently, there is a tremendous pressure on natural and biological resources and the ecological balance is in grave danger.  Protecting of ecosystem and preservation of biodiversity is the need of the hour.

            India alone accounts for some 126 thousands varieties of animal and plant life.  India is one of the 12 identified mega-centers of biodiversity. So for about 45 thousands species of plants and 81 thousands species of animal have been identified and described,  The great variety of India flora include some 15 thousands flowering plants.  With is about 6 % of the global total.  And the India fauna consist of 372 species of mammals, 1,228 bird species, 446 reptilians, 204 amphibians, 2,546 fishes, 40,000 insects.  Many of these species are endemic and found only n particular florist and fauna regions. 

            In modern India there have been many great champions of science and advocates of scientific thinking who paid their wholehearted homage at the shrine of pure knowledge.  But pt. Nehru stands above them all beaus the strove hard throughout his life as a man, leader and the first Prime Minister of India to inculcate the scientific temper among the Indian populace.  Once in an opening ceremony speaking on the spirit of Science, he said,”Science teaches us new ways of doing things. Perhaps, it improves our conditions of industrial life but the basic things that science should do is to teach us to think straight, to act straight and not to be afraid of discarding anything or of accepting anything provided there are sufficient reasons for doing so.

            Science in itself is neither good nor bad.  It is human beings who make science.  Ills of science like the destructive power of nuclear weapons, the erosion of values because of spread of gross materialism, ever increasing depletion of natural resources, degradation and pollution of the environment etc. are actually the ills of man using science in a way that is destructive, undesirable and unholy.  It is because the scientist in man has deviated from his social commitments, social conscience.  Therefore, there are some sections in the society who want an immediate halt to the growth of scientific researches and studies. 

            Science and morality or change and continuity are not inimical or incompatible, The evil lies in human mind which can use both science and morality for evil purposes, Science is knowledge, pure, objective and empirical engaged in making the life more easy, comfortable and less painful.  There is hardly and walk of department of life which is not in the embrace of science. It has helped us in conquering diseases, hunger, famine, distances and physical and geographical barriers, it has turned the globe into an international village.  The conquest of space and the moon are some of the greatest achievements of modern science and technology.  The true spirit of science lies in search and discovery of truth.

            The more aware we are about the sanctity and wholeness of life in its various forms and expression, the better equipped we Rae for life full of peace, health , satisfaction den purposefulness. We need to rediscover our close relationship with natural, environment and other species.  When forests another species disappear, we lose much of ourselves because it boomerangs and has a rippling effect on all of us.  Biodiversity and its conversation is a sure safeguard absent pollution, degradation and degeneration.

            Public awareness is of crucial importance in protecting biodiversity.  However, only awareness in not enough unless it if followed by positive steps mind firm acting towards sanitation of the environment.  It should become an integral part of the public agenda,” Live and let live” should be our mottoes’ this guiding principle should be followed both in letter and spirit.


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