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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Martin Luther King” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Martin Luther King


U.S.A.: Negro Civil Rights Leader

Birth : 1929                 Death : 1968

Dr. Martin Luther King struggled for the equal civil rights for Negroes in U.S.A. and became a martyr for his cause. The most noticeable thing about the struggle is that it was completely non-violent and based on Gandhian principles. Dr. King’s efforts helped the American Negroes to obtain their legitimate rights based on equality. Martin Luthe King carried out his fight in such a decent manner that he was even appreciated by the white community. He founded the ‘Southern Christian Leadership Conference’ for achieving civil rights for American Negroes and started his peaceful movement. He also led the ‘Civil Right Movement’ “which became widespread in U.S.A. in mid 60s. He visited India in 1959 and expressed his full faith in the Gandhian-Nehru ideology of peace. He was a bitter critic of apartheid or racial segregation policy as practised in South Africa. In 1966, he was posthumously awarded by the Indian Government with-the Jawaharlal Nehru award for international peace. For serving the cause of human rights, he was awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize.

Martin Luther King was born on 15th January 1929, in Atlanta (Georgia). He was educated at Boston University where he studied theology. He joined Church service and became a Baptist Minister. In his younger days he had studied the works of the famous American writer Thoreau who believed in civil disobedience. He later became deeply involved in the civil rights campaign, but he always gave more emphasis on passive and non-violent methods. The militant black leaders did not, however, approve of it and so after 1965, they began to challenge him. Martin Luther King included persons of all races in his movements which offended the supporters of racism. He was shot dead by a white fanatic in Memphis, Tennessee, on 4th April 1968. The entire world mourned his death.


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