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Essay, Paragraph or Speech on “Rural Development” Complete Essay, Speech for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Rural Development

 

Rural India is where three-fourths of our countrymen live. The nation can therefore be strong and prosperous only when all villages are freed from backwardness and poverty. The Government of India is committed to the cause of bringing about rapid and sustainable development in the rural areas.

The Ministry of Rural Development is engaged in implementing a number of schemes which aim at enabling rural people to improve their living standards. Education, removal of poverty and speedy socio-economic progress is the goal with which the development programmes are being implemented through a multi pronged strategy, reaching out to the most disadvantaged sectors of society Huge priority is being accorded to provide clean drinking water, rural housing and road. The social security programmes are being implemented for providing assistance to the destitute and downtrodden. Assistance and encouragement to voluntary agencies and training of functionaries forms part of the emphasis on accelerated rural development. The ministry is constantly endeavouring to empower the Panchayt Raj institutions in terms of functions, power and finance. In the new initiative the Gram sabha has become the most significant institutions. Non-Government Organisations self help group and Panchayati Raj institutions have been accorded adequate role to make participating democracy meaningful and effective. Development of waste lands desert and drought prone areas has also been undertaken along with land reforms.

By way of holistic approach to the task of ensuring a sustainable development of land Rural Development Ministry has created two department viz. Department of Land Resources and Department of Drinking Water Supply in addition to the Department of Rural Development. This will facilitate coordinated policy interventions as well as quality improvement in the related development schemes.

Keeping in view the betterment of backward and the most backward sections of the society in rural areas of the country, Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme has been implemented through a parliamentary Act. Under the scheme, a person under a village household will get 100 day employment work with a wage of Rs. 60 on daily basis. All the existing employment schemes of the central government will merge into this mega scheme. Initially this scheme has been implemented in 200 districts of the country.

To ensure that maximum benefits of the programmes accrue to the people in villages the ministry has adopted a four pronged strategy of creating awareness about the programmes, ensuring transparency in them encouraging peoples participation in the development process and promoting concept of social audit for accountability.

The allocation of funds for rural development has been stepped up from Rs. 30,000 crore in the Eight Plan to Rs. 42,874 crore in the Ninth Plan. The Ministry has a plan allocation of Rs. 12,265 crore of the year 2001-200. This includes Rs. 9,205 crore for the schemes of the Department of Rural Development, Rs. 900 crore for those of the Department of Land Resources and Rs. 2,160 crore for the schemes of the Department of Drinking Water Supply.

Rural Poverty—Poverty levels in the country are expected to come down to less than 20% at the end of the 10th plan period.

However since each and every state is not expected to add to the growth at the national average, Bihar together with Jharkhand and Orissa have nearly 50% of the country’s poor.

According to planning commission estimates, some 10 crore people who are below the poverty line would be living in undivided Bihar and Orissa. Total number of people who fall into the category of poor would be 22 crore at the end of the 10th plan period.

There are states which together with undivided Madhya Pradesh, undivided Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal would account for a little more than 80% of the poor in the country at the end of the 10th plan period. Poverty levels would continue to reign high in these four states despite substantial reduction in the percentage of poor population.

Rural poverty will continue to be higher than urban poverty. The national average for rural poverty has been pegged at 21.07% while urban poverty is estimated to 15-5 at the end of the 10th plan period.

Considering that a significant portion of India lives is rural areas, in absolute numbers about 17 crore people in rural areas would remain poor in 2007. In comparison the number for urban areas is pegged at a little under 5 crore people. States such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Delhi would have higher ratio of urban poor than rural poor in 2007.

Improvement of Village Panchayats -The 73rd constitutional amendment in 1992, which conferred constitutional status on the Panchayti Raj Institution was considered to be means of decentralization and more effective delivery of rural development initiatives. A decades down the line through the required institutional framework has been put in place in nearly all the states but the extent of decentralization attained is only modest.

The issue is partly related to the peculiar aspects of the fiscal position of local bodies. While they are expected to take up a largest share of development activities in a decentralised framework, their own revenue mobilisation capacity does not grow correspondingly. Apart from this fiscal issue the autonomy of local body gets affected by the inadequacy of powers transferred to them by the state government. A working group of the planning commission for the Tenth Plan period also observed that through the progress on political devolution the PRIs in terms of election has been well established. The Gram Sabha in most Panchayti Raj acts have been entrusted with only ceremonial functions. Thus the goal of decentralised planning is still far from being realised.

The working group has therefore suggested that the powers and functions of the local bodies should be enlarged significantly. It has also recommended greater power of taxation and avenues for non-tax revenue to these bodies and provision of united grants.

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