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Essay on “Tourism in India” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

 

Tourism in India

Essay No. 01

Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries of the world. It plays a vital role in the economic development of a country. India is one of the popular tourist destinations in Asia. Bounded by the Himalayan ranges in the north and surrounded, on three sides by water , India offers a wide array of places to see and things to do. The enchanting backwaters, hill stations and landscapes make India a beautiful country. They attract tourists from all over the world.

Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in India. The tourism industry employs a large number of people both skilled and unskilled. Tourism is the largest service industry in India with a contribution of 6.23 percent of the national GDP and 8,78 percent of the total employment in India. Hotels, travel agencies, transport including airlines benefit a lot from this industry. Tourism promotes national integration and international understanding. It generates foreign exchange. It promotes cultural activities.

India has a composite culture. There is a harmonious blend of art , religion and philosophy. Though India has been subjected to a series of invasions, she has retained her originality even after absorbing the best of the external influences. Religious like Christianity , Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism , Jainism , Sikhism and Zoroastrianism, etc. have co existed in India. India has fascinated people from all over the world with her secularism and her culture.

The diverse geographical locales of India delight the tourists. The monuments, museums, forts, sanctuaries , places of religious interest, palaces, etc. offer a treat to the eyes. Every region is identified with its handicrafts ,fairs, folk dances , music and its people.

Some of the places that attract a huge number of tourists are Agra, Jaipur jhansi , hyderabad, Nalanda, Mysore, Delhi , Mahabaleshwar , A urangabad , etc. Haridwar , Ujjain , Shirdi , V aransi , A llahabad , puri , Jammu , B adrinath etc. are famous hill resorts.

The Tourism Advisory Board recommends measures for promotion of tourist traffic in India. It reviews the tourist trends and suggests appropriate measures. Some of the palaces havelis and castles have been converted into heritage hotels. In these hotels the tourists get to experience the exotic lifestyle of a bygone era. The exotic train Palace on Wheels which travels through Rajasthan attracts a lot of foreign tourists. The Indian Tourism Development corporation organises entertainment programmes like folk dances and songs and provides shopping facilities. Today many private companies like Sita Travels, Club Mahindra , etc. arrange domestic as well as foreign tours.

With the growth of the urban professional middle class, tourism n India is flourishing. Many states have taken necessary steps to promote tourism. Goa promotes water sports like sailing scuba diving and rafting. Kashmir offers the pleasure of winter sports like skiing and mountaineering.

In2005 the Indian Tourism Development Corporation started a campaign called Incredible India to encourage tourism in India. The slogan of this campaign is Athithi Devoh Bhaboh. For a better growth the department divided different places in different sections like spiritual tourism spa tourism eco tourism and adventure tourism.

India’s performance in tourism sector has been quite impressive. During the period 2002 to 2009 India witnessed an increase in the Foreign Tourist Arrivals from 2.38 million to 5.11 million resulting in the average annual increase of about 11.5 percent. Domestic tourism has also got a big boost. The number of domestic tourist visits increased from 270 million in 2002 to 650 million in 2009 with an average annual growth rate of 13.4 percent.

India has a growing medical tourism sector. With an increasing number of foreign patients flocking to India for treatment, our country has become an attractive destination for medical tourism. Things have now started looking bright for the tourism industry.

On the negative side tourism may damage environment. In order to accommodate large number of tourists, sprawling resorts are built. The indiscriminate construction destroys local architectural styles and ecological balance. Arrangements as desired by tourists are provided in order to satisfy them.

The Indian tourism industry has been hit by pollution. The effluents emitted by the Mathura Refinery has led to the discolourization of the Taj Mahal is Agra. The condition of many of our monuments is deteriorating due to the negligence of the authorities concerned.

Terrorism now a days has become a global problem. Our country is also not an exception. The terrorist attacks agitations and separatist movements hinder the growth of tourism. Kashmir is the paradise for domestic and international tourists. The Skirmishes in this valley hamper the growth of tourism which is very important for the economy of the state.

The tourism infrastructure in India should be strengthened. Airports and railway stations should provide information to the tourists about the tourist destinations. Government owned hotels should be properly managed. The government should be taken to restore the ancient splendor of the monuments. Sincere efforts could help to further develop the Indian tourism industry.

 

Essay No. 02

Tourism

 

Over the years, tourism has grown as a flourishing industry. Some countries, even small ones, like Singapore, the Carribean, Japan, Hong-Kong (now under China), Thailand and even Malaysia have made great progress with the earnings obtained from tourists.

In India, earnings to the government and people from tourism as compared to such countries are only fractional. There may be several reasons for this.

Tourism in India can become a viable industry if effective and concerted steps are taken. First of all, red-tapism should be ended. All bottlenecks and harassment to tourists that scare them should be removed. People at the helms of tourist affairs such as officials of ministry of tourism, hoteliers emporium-owners, etc. should be taught etiquette and given lessons in ideal behaviour that should be meted out to tourists.

India has innumerable attractions for tourists. Throughout the country there are numerous beauty and scenic spots. There are very good hotels in big cities and tourist complexes on highways. There are several places where the tourists can enjoy adventure games. There are so many ancient temples, mosques, forts and other historical places in India which the tourists from various countries would like to visit.

Our embassies should supply to the people and governments of other countries all the important information regarding objects and places which can attract the tourists. The coming of the tourists to India and their stay here should be made easier, smoother and more comfortable as far as possible.

(250 Words)

 

Essay No. 03

 

Tourism in India

 

The very fast means of travel and communication have brought the distant countries closer than ever before. It has resulted in a keen desire in people to travel different parts of the world, to have the first hand knowledge. With the rapid improvement in the living standard of the people, air, train and bus travel have come within the reach of larger percentage of people. Consequently, there has been a considerable increase in the volume of traffic of tourists. Today, tourism has become the world’s largest and fastest growing industry. It is an implied export and a rich source of earning foreign exchange. It also generates many employment opportunities. There are many countries in the world where main source of income is tourism. It is a boon to India as well because foreign visitors bring urgently needed foreign exchange which to a great extent helps the country to offset the deficits in its balance of payments. Tourism promotes business and commercial activities in the country such as transportation, hotel and restaurant services, shopping, banking, etc and these in turn help in removing unemployment by generating ample employment opportunities. Travel and tourism have great educational, cultural, entertainment, national and international value. Travel has always been a new, refreshing, exciting and rewarding experience both for domestic and foreign travelers. It promotes national integration, international understanding, harmony, friendship and goodwill. The importance of travel can hardly be over-emphasized.

India is a vast and great country with a huge potential for the development of tourism. India is full of a number of historical places and monuments, great shrines, and temples, places of pilgrimages, wildlife sanctuaries, hill stations, sea resorts, places of winter sports, etc. Besides, it offers a great variety of cultures, religions, festivals, languages, fairs, music, etc. Really, India’s potential for tourism is as vast as it is varied. Hundred Thousands of foreign visitors come to India every year. Thus, the foreign exchange earnings from tourism run into crores of rupees. While the infrastructure at home is being strengthened, promotional activities are undertaken in a big way abroad to attract more tourists.

With a view to diversify tourist attractions, development of beach and hill resorts has been taken up. With a view to attract more tourists, publicity is undertaken in major tourist generating markets of the world through 25 tourist offices located in North America, Europe, Australia, West and East Asia. The Department of Tourism of the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation have both promotional and organisational functions. They work in close cooperation with the Indian Tourism Development Corporation. There is a net work of regional offices abroad and at home for publicity and marketing in the tourist generating markets. Overseas India has tourist offices in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Toronto, London, Geneva, Paris, Frankfurt, Brussels, Stockholm, Milan,Vienna, Kuwait, Bangkok,Tokyo, Singapore and Sydney. In addition, tourist promotion offices are based at Dallas, Miami, San Francisco, Washington, Qsaka, Melbourne, Dubai and Kathmandu.

To feed promotional material to these offices Indian Embassies, Air India and the Department of Tourism produce tourist publicity literature in many main world languages. In order to cater to domestic tourism literature in Hindi is also produced. Tourist offices maintain film and photo libraries on subjects of tourist interest. Forest lodges have been constructed in the bird sanctuary at Bharatpur and a number of wild life sanctuaries. Facilities for viewing wild life are also provided at these places. To promote youth tourists, a number of youth hostels have been constructed in different parts of the country. For pilgrims a number of Dharamshalas and Musafir Khanas have been constructed at many centres of pilgrimage. Snow skiing and water skiing are looked after by the Indian Institute of Skiing and Mountaineering, Gulmarg.

Indian Tourism Development Corporation(ITDC) has a nationwide transport system. Its fleet-mix consists of air-conditioned and deluxe coaches, limousine and tourist cars, It has its own travel agency—Ashok Travels and Tours. It also runs sound and light shows at Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad; Red Fort, Delhi and Shalimar Gardens, Srinagar besides ganising entertainment programme for its hotels.

To encourage foreign tourists, regulations relating to currency, customs, etc., have been liberalised. Rail pass facilities are also available to them. Under the scheme over India, for travel on Indian Airlines domestic services unlisted stopovers facility enroute is available. Some special trains like Palace on Wheels and the Great Indian Rover have been introduced. The former is meant for places of tourist interest in Rajasthan, and the latter for the places of Buddhist interest in India.

Thus, there has been a marked improvement in tourist facilities. More hotels are being established, tourist bungalows and beach resorts are being opened. Tourism in India provides a wonderful window to our so varied life, culture, historical places, wildlife sanctuaries, flora and fauna. Diversity, unity and assimilation have always been the hallmark of the eternal India and these make India the ultimate tourist destination. India unfolds to the visitors new and breathtaking vistas of the grandest scenic beauty and cultural, spiritual and ideological concepts.

(838 Words)

 

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