Home » 10th Class » Essay on “The Dowry System” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay on “The Dowry System” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.





‘Dowry’ according to the dictionary, means the property which a woman brings to her husband at the time of her marriage.  Originally, it must have meant property represented by the voluntary gifts given to the girl by her parents, relatives and friends out of love and affection, at the time of her marriage.  May be these gifts were given to the girl in order  to enable her to set up a new home out of a sense of social responsibility.  The system of dowry must be as old as the institution of marriage itself.  It must also have been a universal practice.  Every father wants to give some presents to his daughter when she is leaving his home for good and starting life afresh.  There is nothing  unusual, bad abnormal about it.

                But as time passed, the system degenerated into an evil custom.  It came to be looked upon as an evil and a curse.  The dowry became an all- important and a primary factor in marriage.  It became necessary for the parents of the girl to give a good dowry to her whether they could afford it or not.  Worse still, the married life of a girl came to depend upon dowry.  Marriage became impossible in the absence of a handsome dowry.  Several girls, whose parents could not afford a good dowry, had to commit suicide as their greedy in-laws made their lives miserable.  Newspapers are full of reports carrying harrowing tales of brides being burnt to death or driven to hang themselves because of constant nagging by their in laws.  Some of the step-daughters of fortune choose the hangman’s noose while others consume poison or jump down the multi-storeyed buildings to deliver themselves from the clutches of the inhuman dowry seekers.

                It is really tragic that in the progressive world of today, the evil of dowry continues to exist in all its horrid forms.  Many homes are broken and several families are driven to ruin only because they are too poor to afford a rich dowry.  Previously, in the selection of a bribe, her family background, education and her intrinsic worth used to be the primary consideration.  Now, dowry is the first and the only consideration in a majority of the matrimonial alliances.  As a result, dowry, which was at one time a token of love and affection, has become a cause of oppression and exploitation of the worst order.


                Some parents have to incur heavy debts for giving dowry.  At times, they remain under debt for the whole of their life.  Sometimes, the girl’s parents fill to raise the necessary funds for marriage.  They are compelled to commit suicide in disgust and despair.  No wonder, therefore, that the birth of a daughter is looked upon as a bolt from the blue.

                In the recent past, the Government of India and many states have taken some anti-dowry steps.  In some states, dowry has been made a cognizable offence.  But legal steps are not enough.  We have to create a social climate which does not favour giving and taking of dowry.   Dowry seekers must be singled out and condemned.  The Government should implement the anti-dowry bill strictly in the right spirit  Nobody, however highly placed, should be allowed to violate the law.  Expenses at the marriage celebrations should be cut down.  Needy married couples should be given loans and grants to help them set up their homes.  They can be asked to refund these loans in easy installments.  Voluntary  social service organizations and religious heads should encourage dowryless marriages in large numbers.  Girls should come forward to raise a banner of revolt against the dowry seekers.  They should refuse to marry such boys as expect a dowry.

                There is another dimension to the anti-dowry act promulgated by the government.  This law is being exploited by some girls or their parents to blackmail the boys or their families after marriage. On threat of charge of prosecution for asking for dowry, husbands are being forced to shell out huge sums of money to get a divorce.  This practice must be looked into and steps should be taken to see that no family is unnecessarily harassed or exploited.  Divorce should be made easier to obtain.  Boys and girls should both be given equal rights in the matter of obtaining a divorce.

                In order to root out the evil of dowry from the society, we shall have to build up a strong public opinion against it.  Boys and girls in schools and colleges should be made to take a pledge that they would neither seek nor give dowry.  They should be educated through films, television plays and talks, slides camps, lectures and radio talks.  Such boys as refuse to accept dowry in their marriages should be honoured in public.  If we succeed in removing the evil of dowry, it will be really a praiseworthy achievement.


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  1. anamol regmi says:

    its very good essay ….

  2. zishan khan says:

    very nyc must be read please

  3. very nice essay ……!

  4. Tanvi shinha says:

    Its very nyc essay you must read

  5. Rajvinder says:

    Very encouraging essay for young generation that they should not take dowry…

  6. irin says:

    Very good essay

  7. Padmaja Tata says:

    really,very good essay

  8. Vikas Roy says:

    Its very good essay so young generation eradicate the dowry system

  9. jago says:

    Its very nice essay .you must read .

  10. jago says:

    Its very nice essay .you must read .

  11. shyarra says:

    Excellent essay,I love the points ‘SUPERB’…

  12. Gopal singh says:

    Its Very good essay.

  13. Sheela says:

    It is ossammmmmmm essay all people have to must read this

  14. Gajala mushrrat says:

    Fantastic essay…

  15. Annu says:

    Its very good eassy

  16. Refat hasan says:

    that’s gd

  17. Neha meena says:

    Nice eassy you must reAd it . Thanks

  18. Sonu meena says:

    Nice essay you must read it

  19. NABIN ROY says:

    Nice.It is a good article against THE DOWRY SYSTEM

  20. Ayush Anand says:

    Nyc essay 👌👌👌👌👌👍👍👍👍

  21. khusi♥★★ says:

    Thank q it is vry helpful to do my project
    Superb…… asssooommmm…. must read it !!!!!

  22. divya says:

    Simply nice

  23. kousik singha says:

    vari nice

  24. Happy says:

    Nce esssay

  25. Sanoj says:

    Good essay…

  26. Avi bhagat says:

    superb lines

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