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Essay on “Rabindra Nath Tagore” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay No. 01

Rabindra Nath Tagore

Rabindra Nath Tagore was born on 8th May, 1861 in Jorasanku in Calcutta. His father, maharishi Debendra Nath was a great landlord and was known as Thakur, the word which got changed into Tagore, his mother’s name was Sharda Devi. He was the Youngest of the fourteen children in the family of Debendra Nath and Sharda Devi.

Rabindra Nath Tagore was one of the greatest men of India and he was easily one of the greatest literary personages of the world. He was a versatile genius, being a poet, novelist, playwright, essayist, short story writer, statesman, musician etc fighter all rolled into one. He was both a great nationalist and an internationalist and universalists and humanist in equal measure.

He wrote originally in Bengali but later translated his own works into Eng. His world famous work of lyrics the Gitanjali, for which he won the Nobel Prize in 1913, was also originally written in Bengali but later translated into Eng. By the poet himself.

He was a great lover of his country of humanity and children in particular. He believed in non violence and rejected traditionalism as much as western chauvinism. The Indian National Anthem Janta Ganga Mana was written by him. He also set up the Shantiniketan with the money he got from the Nobel Prize. He gave up the title of ‘sir’ as a protest against the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy in 1919. He died on 8th Aug. 1941.


Essay No. 02


Rabindranath Tagore

Originally Banerjis, they received the appellation of Thakur in the seventeenth century. Thakur means ‘respected lord’. The name later anglicized as Tagore. Rabindranath the youngest son of Devendranath, earned the title of Maharishi (the greatest sage) for his profound religious nature and piety.

Rabindranath was born on May 6, 1861, in the heart of Calcutta, where the family had lived for generations. The boy was brought up strictly. His childhood was not happy. His mother died when he was quite young and his early upbringing was mostly in the hands of the servants.

He had a dislike for conventional schooling. He was sent to the Bengal Academy, and then to St. Xavier’s, “but his resolute refusal to be educated stood proof against authority and blandishment, and he was allowed to study at home”. He received the first impressions of the Upanishads under the guidance of his father, and he read extensively the works of medieval mystics and the Vaishnav poets of India.

In 1877 he went to England to study law. The profession did not appeal to him and he returned to India after a stay of only one year. He had begun to write verse almost as soon as he could walk; his work appeared in print before he was fifteen; and before he was eighteen he had published over six thousand lines of verse and a great quantity of prose. He actively participated in the attempts to start a Bengali Literary Academy, and was a frequent contributor to various periodicals. He came to be known as the “Lapsing poet and the “Bengali Shelley”.

Bengal in the closing years of the nineteenth century, was in the grip of a Renaissance in religion, literature and politics. Rabindranath entered the field with the incentive to create a new art and new standards . At this time the poet was at the height °f his powers, which found expression in poetry, drama and novels. 1901 saw the foundation of his school, Shantiniketan (The peace Retreat) near Bolpur in Bengal. Shantiniketan was to be the nucleicof the cultural organization on the model of the ancient Indian forest schools, which used to attract students from distant countries. At Shantiniketan. Rabindranath hoped to recapture meditative calm of ancient India and provide an environment where the mind of the young “might expand into love of Beauty and God.”Many eminent Indian scholars and artists gave devoted service to it. Shantiniketan became Vishvabharti (world university) in 1921.

He wrote vigorous political poems, songs and essays. The Partition of Bengal in 1905 produced a tense atmosphere, and Rabindranath’s writing at this period was saturated with politics. His Jana Gana Mana is now our national anthem.

The year 1907 to 1912 were rich in literary activities, Gitanjali (song offering) was published in 1909. Gitanjali is voice of one who, through much suffering, had attained joyous serenity. Some passages in it, Maeterlinck said, “are among the loftiest, most profound and most divinely human ever written.”

Rabindranath was awarded the Noble Prize for literature in 1913. The University of Calcutta conferred on honorary Doctorate upon him in the same year.

The massacre of Jallianwala Bagh at Amritsar touched Rabindranath so deeply that he renounced his Knighthood, a protest against the atrocious firing on an innocent and peaceful gathering.

At his death on August 7, 1941, thinking men throughout the world paid tributes to his work as poet and educationist, humanist and artist, social reformer and philosopher. Rabindranath Tagore may be summed up in Shelley’s words, “A poet participates in the eternal, the infinite and the one. It is impossible to read the composition of the most celebrated writers of the present day without being startled by the electric life which burns in their work. Poets are the hieroglyphants of an unapprehended inspiration—the unacknowledged legislators of the world.”


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