Home » 10th Class » Essay on “Patriotism” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay on “Patriotism” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.




Patriotism—Its Merits and Limitations


Patriotism Versus Internationalism


Patriotism Alone is not Enough

Essay No. 01

                “Who is here so vile that will not love his country?”

                “You’ll never have a quiet world till you knock the patriotism out of the human race.”

                Patriotism means love of one’s native land.  Just as we love our father and mother, so we love land of our birth.  This feeling is called patriotism.

                Water Scott has rightly said:

                Breather there the man with soul so dead,

                Who to himself hath never said:

                “This is my own, my native land.”

                But we find some people who love themselves more than they love their parents.  They think of their own happiness and comforts before the comforts and happiness of their father and mother.  Similarly, some people love their country less and love themselves more.  Such people are selfish.

                This should not be the case.  It shows an unfeeling heart and a selfish nature.  Just as it is the first duty of a child to love his home, so also it is the first duty of every one to love the land of his birth. A man owes much to the land of his birth. Just as he grows up in the lap of his mother, he is brought from making any sacrifice for his mother land when he is called upon to do so.  Who can forget the great sacrifices of Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chander Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, Gandhi, Nehru and other freedom fighters who sacrificed their all for the freedom of their motherland? Such patriots are honoured very where in all ages.

                Patriotism is of two kinds: the first is a healthy one and should be encouraged while the second one is of an undesirable kind and should be condemned.  Healthy patriotism teaches us to love out county with all our heart and to do everything in our power to make our country happy, great and glorious.  IT tells us to build our glory on the ruins and suffering of other nations.  The first kind of patriotism is good for our country and for the world  The second kind of patriotism is bad for the world and will, sooner or later, be bad for the country that oppresses others.

                It is our duty to love the land of our birth.  It is also our duty not to hate other nations.  We must try to cultivate a healthy type of patriotism and to devote ourselves whole heartedly to the uplift and prosperity of our own country.  We must not have the perverted notion of patriotism that believes in the dictum : “My country, right or wrong.” Most of the crimes against humanity have been committed by people having this type of fanatic patriotism.  Patriotism must go hand in hand with internationalism.  One should never forget one’s duty towards humanity in general.  Such patriotism as encourages narrow, parochial fanaticism is a bad type of patriotism which has no place in a fastly progressing civilization of today.


Essay No. 02



Patriotism means intense love and support to ones own country. Patriotism and nationalism is one and the same thing for both believe in putting national interests above other international considerations. Patriotism is one of the strongest human sentiments. It is expected from every citizen of a country that he or she would cherish a deep and abiding love and concern for the country, yet there can be found many traitors and spurious patriots. They are a real danger to a country. They are more dangerous than real enemies. A nation can guard well against external and known enemy, but it is not so easy to deal with internal enemy in the guise of false and spurious patriots. They are just like wolves in sheep’s skin. They never hesitate to betray their country for personal gains. In India such people are called Jai Chand and Vibhishana for the former invited Mohammed Gori to attack Prithviraj, a patriotic ruler and the latter betrayed Lanka and Ravana, its ruler, who was also Vibhishana’s elder brother. It was altogether a different matter that demon king Ravana was a tyrant and embodiment of evil.

True patriots are the real strength of a nation. A nation is not only a physical entity of land, rivers, mountains, industries, etc. but also an intense feeling and love of the masses. The citizen of a nation are always ready to make any sacrifice for the unity, integrity, safety and progress of their country. They consider no sacrifice too great to be made for their beloved mother or fatherland. India has produced many great patriots like Shivaji, Rana Pratap, Maharani Lakshmi Bai, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Maulana Azad, Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chandra Bose, to name only a few. The sacrifices made by them are written in golden words in the history of our country. Many of them died for the sake of our motherland, and thus became martyrs.

Patriotism is a must for the success of a country both in peace and war. But it is war which tests the real patriotism. A patriot in crisis is a patriot indeed. One who fails to come forward to offer his valuable services during crisis is not a patriot, but a traitor. In such a vast country as India it is not surprising if there are a few traitors. It is with every country, but we should always be on our guard against such elements. Sometimes we hear of such people as passing on vital secrets to foreigners and enemies for money and other gains. They should be condemned in no uncertain terms. Narrow self-interests and self-aggrandisement is the guiding principle of the life of such abominable people. Such selfish people should be exposed and suitably punished.

It is the duty and obligation of every citizen to be faithful to his or her country. Complete allegiance to ones own country is a great virtue. In the words of famous German philosopher Schelegel, “The highest bliss of the human soul is love and the noblest love is devotion to our fatherland”. Patriotism means intellectual, emotional and sentimental involvement into the affairs of a nation. There are many occasions to show ones patriotism, but during external aggression or internal subversion it can be most suitably expressed. The patriotic fervour satisfies some of our deepest urges. The common man’s patriotism finds expression in being honest, sincere, and upright in the discharge of their duties and obligations towards the society and the country they belong to. One should be a patriot both in letter and spirit. Mere singing national songs and praising one’s country are not enough. They should be well matched with true patriotic actions.

According to Edith Cavell, “Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone.” In the similar voice Dr. Jhonson said, “Patriotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel”. These comments draw our attention to the dangers of jingoism which propagates narrow chauvinism and aggressive patriotism. There is no denying the fact that in the name of patriotism the peace and progress of the world have been jeopardized many a time. The last two world wars are a living example of this danger. The Nazis under Hitler in Germany made mass killings, particularly of the Jews, in the name of patriotism and German nationalism. In this context patriotism is not really enough. It should ultimately merge into internationalism. We should always sacrifice lesser good for the sake of greater good. Narrow fanatic and jingoistic love of one’s own country is certainly undesirable. Such undesirable patriotism has given rise to fascism and nazism which have been a real danger, for the world.

With the rapid advancement of science and technology, the countries of the world have come closer, and the distances have shrunk. This has ushered in a closer world cooperation and understanding. Gone are the days when countries lived in isolation. Today the nations are interlinked and interdependent. Our patriotism should be tempered with the thoughts of world cooperation, understanding, peace and prosperity of others. In this age of speed, enlightenment education and world cooperation patriotism does not mean blind faith and alone. The words said by Thomos allegiance to ones country  Pain, “The world is my country, all mankind are my brethem, and to do good is my religion”, should act as our guiding light. All men are equal and essentially one. All people laugh, weep and feel in the same fashion. Their requirements are the same. The differences are not real but apparent, and the divisions men-made. It does not mean there is no room for patriotism. It only means that patriotism should be understood and practised in its proper perspective and that it should merge into internationalism as do the various rivers into the sea.


Essay No. 03



Patriotism is the love of one’s own country. It is a divine spark in the human breast. It teaches a man to love his own native land more than anything else. A patriot thinks no sacrifice too great for his country; he is ever prepared to die for his motherland. Cowper says, “England, with all thy faults, I love thee still”.

Patriotism is a noble virtue. The Sanskrit proverb says that your mother and motherland are greater even than heaven. In our country’s distress or danger, we should be ready to stand by her, to work for her, to lay down our lives for her if need be. Has she not nursed us on her lap, nourished us of her plenty and sheltered us in her warmth? Not to love one’s country is ingratitude indeed.

But this should not bind us to the fact that patriotism is everything, it may not always be the highest duty of a man. A narrow-minded exclusive patriotism is a positive danger. Nothing is more criminal than the senseless cry of the English poet, “My country, right or wrong”. It is this sort of foolish thing that the Englishmen constantly applaud in themselves and condemn in others. “Patriotism has become”, says H.G. Wells, “a mere national self-assertion, a sentimentality of flag cheering with no constructive duties”. This is the brand of patriotism that Rabindranath denounced in his lectures on Nationalism.

A bigoted patriotism is a perpetual cause of war. And this patriotism flourishes whenever there is war. Therefore, the wise Chinese philosopher, Lao-tze, called it a bad and harmful feeling, and ‘a stupid doctrine’. World War II began with Hitler’s boastful and aggressive patriotism. All wars are born of similar sentiments. George Washington, than whom there cannot be a greater patriot, once wrote to a friend, “A great and lasting war can never be supported on this principle (patriotism) alone”. Bernard Shaw said, “You will not have a quit world till you knock this patriotism out of the human race”.

Patriotism often makes us unjust, unfair and ungenerous in our estimate of other people. Every nation, every race, has something definite and distinctive to contribute to the cultural heritage of the world. It is foolish to say that any one nation has all the monopoly of God’s good gifts. There was a time when our leader spoke of India’s mission of spiritualising the world and the sentiment was applauded because it appealed to the patriot in each one of us. But all missionary zeal that draws its inspiration from national self-love is wrong. No nation has a monopoly of the virtue. Patriotism must be sobered by a proper respect for other people’s culture.

Above all, whenever we are ready to launch forth in a career of national boastfulness, let us remember Edith Cavell’s noble words: “I must have no hatred or bitterness towards any one”. It is what Mahatma Gandhi declared from behind the bars, Patriotism is good, but it must not supersede the feeling of universal love for all humanity. It must not make us indifferent to the growing concept of “One World”.

The fact is that we often mix up patriotism with mere nationalism. If we could keep this distinction clear, patriotism will never mislead us into vain glorious boastfulness. A writer once said that while “patriotism was lively sense of collective responsibility, nationalism was a silly cock crowing on its own dunghill”. Nationalism is a kind of geographic parochialism that shuts the door on the rest of mankind. We know the brand and should keep clear of its evils.

Patriotism does not lie in thinking that one’s own country is the best. We must love our country, but we must not have any other country or people. The true patriot must respect other countries because he respects his own. He must be prepared to learn from them, to help them, to co-operate with them. Then gradually patriotism will be superseded by the cult of universal brotherhood.


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  1. muhammadali says:

    Good but i could write much better

  2. M abdullah says:

    Nice….easy wording

  3. anam yaseen says:

    informative essay…… yup it is

  4. Syeda Mariam Fatima says:

    Nice..but i want a lenghty essay with gud diction

  5. Rusan Lamsal says:

    Good essay liked it

  6. Ishmal says:

    Loved it…INFORMATIVE

  7. Pranjal singh says:

    nice essay….
    I really liked your wordings it was cool and easy it helped me for my speech I am really thankful to you for this….

  8. maham rajput says:

    please answer me now please ……. count i essay words and tell me uegently … tomarrow is comptetion in my school and ihave to right 700 words on patriotism ….

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