Home » 10th Class » Essay on “Indian Festivals” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay on “Indian Festivals” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.


Indian Festivals

Essay No. 01

A festival is a celebration of life. It is a celebration entertainment or series of performances of a certain kind, often held periodically. Festival breaks the monotony of life. They bring peace and joy to the masses. All nations have their religious and cultural festivals. Indian festivals are numerous. They are harmonious rich varied and colorful.

Indian festivals are as varied as the people themselves. They can broadly be divided into three categories national or political religion and seasonal. Most Indian festivals have their in religion or in the myths and legends of popular faiths. Some are connected with the memory of very respectable men and events. They are intended to keep alive the memory of those events and personalities and inspire people to follow their examples.

National festivals like the Republic Day, The Independence Day , Gandhi Jayanti ,etc are celebrated with great patriotic zeal. These days have been declared as national holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm. The capital New Delhi is the seat of national celebrations on such occasions. It witness one of the most majestic parades on the Republic Day. Apart from the Armed Forces School children from across the country also participate in this parade.

Diwali is the most prominent of Hindu festivals. It is the festival of lights. on this day Hindus celebrate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after the victory over Ravana. The houses are cleaned and whitewashed. People wear new clothes. Businessmen start their new accounts. Sweets are distributed. On its day people from all walks of life light up their homes. Crackers are burst and the children as well as the youth enjoy them.

Ram Navami is celebrated s the birthday of Lord Rama. Janmastmi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna. Durga Pooja is celebrated in Benal Assam Orissa and some other parts of India. It is celebrated with great pomp and shoe. Goddess Durga is worshipped for five days. On the fifth day the statue of the goddesses immersed in water in Northern India , dusserra is observed as Vijaya Dashmi celebrating victory of good over evil of Rama over Ravana. In Maharashtra lord Ganesha is worshipped with the great pomp and show.

Holi is celebrated at the end of winter season. Raslila a cultural dance of Manipur is staged during this festival. The dance is dedicated to Lord Krishna and the glop is. Holi is a festival of colors. People throw color on one another. It is celebrated in honors of Prahlad. It celebrates the victory of good over evil,.

Chath is celebrated in Bihar and also in other parts of India. Sun god is worshipped early in the morning on this day. Sweets and fruits are offered to sun god.

Guru Nanak Dev birthday is celebrated by Sikhs and members of other communities. On this occasion religious congregation are attended lamps are lit and crackers are burst. The days of martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahudur are also of special significance to the community.

Christmas is the most important festival of Christians. It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Jesus Christ on 25th December. The Christmas tree is decorated with artificial stars , lights , toys ect on this days. Cakes and puddings are served. Children get dressed in new clothes. Any person disguised as Santa Claus distributes sweet among children. Prayers are offered in churches.

Jews celebrate their festivals in a similar fashion as those of Christians. They go to the synagogue to pray before the Almighty. The parses celebrate Naoroz during August September each year. It is the beginning of their new year.

The seasonal festivals are celebrated in different ways all over the country. Bihu is celebrated with great pomp and show in Assam. Baisakhi is celebrated as a mark of harvesting the wheat crops in Punjab. Onam is celebrated in Kerla as a harvest festival.  Pongal is also a similar festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. Basant Panchami is celebrated throughout North India and West Bengal.

Festivals also have a negative influence on our society. The brushing of crackers during Diwali pollutes the atmosphere. Gambling disturb public life. During Holi , drunkards brawl in the streets. Temples are decorated at the cost of millions of rupees. The money used for such events could be utilized for the economic development of the country.

Color is an essential part of Holi. But it must not be sprayed on people who resent it. The bursting of crackers should be minimized. Festival should be celebrated with simplicity. People belonging to other communities should be invited during religious festivals. This will help in promoting national integration and communal harmony.


Essay No. 02


Festivals of India

The rich variety and diversity of Indian culture and people has given the country many colourful and gay festivals. Perhaps no other country had as many festivals and celebrations as does India. It is said that there are only seven days in a week, but there are at least nine festivals in a week in India. All these festivals and fairs are observed with great enthusiasm and abandon. They are related with mythical heroes and heroines, gods and goddesses, change of seasons harvesting and national events. Thus, festivals serve so many purposes, social, cultural, religious, national and psychological.

Festivals mark the grand, gay, happy and free moments in the life of masses in India. These are the occasions of family gathering, exchange of sweets and greetings, thanks-giving, relaxation, joy, praying, fasting, ceremonies, and invoking favours from gods and elders. They come around year after year and enthuse the people with a new spirit of colour, joy and festivity. Some of these are observed as closed public holidays on all India basis and others on a limited or selective basis. These festivals very well reflect the country’s unity in diversity. These are entrenched in the consciousness of the masses, and therefore, are not mere formalities. A foreigner is amazed and fascinated not only by their numbers, but also by their colourfulness, pageantry, enthusiasm and fervour with which they are observed.

Right from the dawn of civilization in India, festival has played a very important social and religious role. They are a great source of recreation, social gathering, communal harmony and mutual relaxation. They are very special occasions for women and children. They look forward to and prepare many days in advance for the festivals. The important festivals in India are: Dussehra, Diwali, Holi, Ram Navami, Janmashtmi, Buddha Purnima, Shivaratri, Muharram, Id-ul-Zuha, Christmas, Vaisakhi, etc. Republic Day, that is, 26th January is another National festival.

Holi is the most colourful festival. It is as much boistrous as colourful. It comes in March-April at the advent of spring reason and ripening of the crops. Men and women throw coloured water, powder and perfumes at one another in gay abundance. They sing and dance to the accompaniment of music and enjoy to their heart’s content. At this time the season is at its best. Then it is neither hot nor cold and the ripe crop is golden yellow, and trees are in their colourful blooms. The festival lasts for two days. On the first day a bonfire is lit in the evening. The next day people indulge in throwing coloured water at one another through big syringes. People embrace one another and offer sweets and soft drinks, etc.

Dussehra or Vijai Dashmi is observed to mark the victory of good over evil. On this day prince Rama of Ayddhya defeated and killed Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. Ravana was the embodiment of evils, while Rama was the personification of all that is best in man. The great and popular Ramayana epic is presented in dance-drama form on specially erected stages all over India during the preceding nine days. This enactment of the Ramayana is popularly known as Ramlila. The effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarana and son Meghnad are burnt and fireworks are there. It is followed by Bharat Milap, an occasion of family reunion of Rama. In Mysore and Kulu there are special observations on the occasion. In West Bengal it is observed as Durga Puja.

Diwali, the festival of lights and illumination falls in October-November. It is also the occasion of much fireworks. At night earthen lamps, candles, etc., are lit illuminating the dark night, sweets and greetings are exchanged and Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and prosperity is worshipped. The businessmen close their old accounts and open the new ones. It is celebrated to commemorate the crowning of Rama on the throne of Ayodhya after his triumphant return from Lanka. Houses, etc., are cleaned and whitewashed and bazaars, etc., are tastefully decorated on this occasion. Men and women and children in their best colourful costumes visit one another exchanging greetings and sweets.

Buddha Purnima marks the Lord Buddha’s birth, enlightenment and nirvana. On this day special celebrations are held at Sarnath, Boddh Gaya and Buddhist temples. Gautama the Buddha was born, got enlightenment and the nirvana on the same day of the full moon, but in the different years. Baisakhi is very special to Sikhs. On this day the Hindu Solar New Year begins. People visit temples and shrines after holy baths in rivers, tanks, lakes and ponds regarded as holy.

Christmas is celebrated on 25th December with great fervour all over the country, specially by the Christians, followed by the New Year celebrations. Muharram commemorates the martyrdom of a, grandson of the Prophet Mohmmad. In big cities and towns mourning processions are taken out to the loud beating of drums with Tajias. Id-ul-Fitr  is another important Muslim festival of rejoicing and feast After month long fasting and prayer during Ramazan. Namaj is offered and money and food articles, etc., are given in charity on this day. The Hindus and the Muslims embrace one another and exchange greetings on the occasion.

26th January is a major festival when very spectacular parade followed by cultural tableaus is held in Delhi all along the Raj Path. Folk dancers from all over the states and union territories came to Delhi to perform on this occasion. The President of India takes the salute. This day is also celebrated in State capitals with equal enthusiasm and preparations.

There are many other festivals and celebrations and local festivals which create a feeling of joy, happiness, oneness, integration, and mutual sharing among the masses. The biggest of the fairs, Kumbha Mela is held at Hardwar, Prayag, Nasik and Ujjain in rotation when millions of people gather there to have a holy dip. This comes round once in 12 years. The religio-social significance of these so colourful festivals is great. They make the Indian calendar an unending procession of festivals, observations and celebrations.


Essay No. 03


Indian Festivals                          


A festival is an occasion for family rejoicing and community celebrations. In India, festivals are as varied as the people themselves. Festivals are of different kinds – political, religious and seasonal. Each festival is celebrated in a particular manner.  Whatever may be the reason, festivals have their special gaiety and value. They break the monotony of daily life. They have a great social, cultural and commercial value.

The very word festival conjures up scenes of gaiety and merry making. Festival time is an occasion for family rejoicing and community celebrations. Rich and poor, men and women, young and old all are a like happy on the festive occasions.

All communities, all religions all nations have their festivals. But nowhere do they form such an integral part of the life as they do in India. Indian festivals are as varied as the people themselves. Every religion, every region has something to offer. They can broadly be divided into three categories-national or political, religious and seasonal. Most Indian festivals have their origin either in religion or in the myths and legends of popular faiths. Some are connected with the memory of venerable men and events and are therefore commemorative in nature. They are intended to keep alive the memory of those days and people and inspire people to emulate their “examples. Then there are festivals which punctuate the ever-changing “seasons of the year.

National festivals like Republic Day. Independence Day, Gandhi Ajanta, etc are celebrated with great patriotic fervor. This day are declared as national holidays and are celebrated in different parts of the country and in State capitals with a lot of enthusiasm. The nation’s capital, New Delhi witnesses one of the most majestic parades on Republic Day. People from all over the country start pouring in to Delhi to see the display of the countries splendor.

Religious festivals and ceremonies are as varied as the people. Their customs beliefs and faith The Hindus. the Mohammedans, the Christians, the Parsees, the Sikhs, the Buddhists, all have a large number of festivals in the course of year Dussehra, Diwali, Basant  Panchami, Janmashtami Ganesh Chaturthi, Holi ,Id, Mahavir Jayanti, Budh Purnima, , Onam, Pongal, Naoroz, Easter and Christmas are some of the well known lndian religious festivals. Each of these is celebrated in particular manner which becomes traditional and therefore, acquires the character of custom. For instance, Dussehra is celebrated all over the country; though in different ways in northern India, it is observed as Vijaya Dashmi celebrating victory of go over evil of Rama over Ravens.  in Bengali is Durga Puja and it, become more of a cultural festival of music, dance and drama. Gujarat, it is Navaratra, or the festival of nine nights. It is Celebrated in temples and shrines of Goddess Durga in her manifestation of Shakti (Power) as Amba (Mother Earth). Navratra is identified with garba.

Diwali, the festival of lights is one of the gayest of all Hindu festival It is celebrated in a Splendid manner in all parts of India in one form or the other Many commercial firms and businessmen close the yearly accounts on this day and open new account books. It is 11 only a festival of illuminations but also of fireworks and sweets.

Krishna Janmashtami is one of the most colourful and popular Hindu festivals. It marks the birthday of Lord Krishna. People celebrate with day long prayers and tasting and by taking Prasad  at various temples at midnight. The celebrations are most remarkable in and around Mathura where the Lord was born.

Baisakhi is another well-known festival. It marks the beginning off new year arriving Hindus, just as “Naoroz which falls sometime in August-September  is the Parsee new year. Hindus go to a holy dip in river Ganga or Jamuna on Baisakhi day. Fairs are held on the banks of these rivers and Everybody enjoys with abandon. .Parsees on the other hand go to the Fire temples and make offerings of sandalwood to the Holy fire. They wear their traditional clothes and spend the day in feasting and visiting friends and relatives.

ld ul fitar is an important Muslim festival and is celebrated to mark the end Ramjan.  It Was during the month of Ramzan that Holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet Mohammad. Muslims fast the who month and break the fast on ld with feasting and merry making.  They go to Idgahs wearing new clothes and offer prayers. On id, no beggar are refused alms as a practice of alms giving has a special bearing Islam.

Christmas is a festive occasion for Christians. Although, the festival is religious in nature, celebrating the birthday of Jesus Christ, many at the Customs and celebrations are not religious. A Christmas tree which is a small fir tree is placed m the living room. It is decorated by the members of the family Special Christmas puddings and cakes are made much in advance. This is a special day for children who are, “led to believe that Father Christmas will bring those gifts. Children are very excited and wake up early to find that their stockings have been filled with presents. Elders also exchange gifts with their friends and relative. Which are put on the Christmas tree one or two days in advance?

Then we have seasonal festivals like Basant Panchami. It is celebrated various ways throughout the country in Bengal specially, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped and children are initiated into the art of writing and reading. People put on yellow colored clothes, Fly kites and eat special dishes of rice. This festival marks the end of winter and heralds the advent of spring.

Festivals have a great value and are indispensable to break the monotony” of life. They offer a welcome break from the daily routine.  The gaiety, joy of meeting friends and relatives give a new vitality and energy to everyone. Poor also celebrate festivals for getting their worries for once. Besides, the religious and national festivals have a purifying effect on the mind and bring to the fore the value of piety, prayer, charity and other noble qualities they have a cultural and Social value, and help not only to bring people together, but also keep traditions alive. They help in acquainting the new generation with the cultural heritage of their country, and make them aware the sacrifices made by great saints and leaders. They ensure a sort of continuity of life by bringing to peoples mind the past glories of their race and nation.

Nevertheless, people should not indulge in pretentious” display of wealth to attract attention. Festivals should be celebrated in a spirit of brotherhood with restrain and austerity”. There should not be any hooliganism and in tolerance of other people’s faith.  Festive Occasions should not be used to spark communal riots and disturb the harmony. The very purpose of festivals to defeated when people resort to tanning the communal sentiments on such days. Festivals are meant to bring people together and inspire them to forget their narrow differences and welcome each other with open arms.



The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.


  1. Arijit says:

    Very good

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *