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Essay on “Indian Democracy” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Indian Democracy

 Essay No. 01

Synopsis: Democracy is a is a political set-up in which public it’s the ultimate power.  India is democratic country based on the system of adult franchise and indirect participation by the people in the government.  All people are equipping before law in India.  It is democratic ideal based on equality of opportunity.  India is a democratic and welfare state which implies reasonably good quality of life tall its citizens.  But in this respect Indies has failed.  Indian democracy’s economic and social contents have not been realized yet and three is a lot of poverty, illiteracy, hunger and deprivation.  Elections in India are not as free, fair and fearless as they ought to be.  There is an urgent need of electoral reforms.

            According to Abraham Lincoln democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.  In other words the ultimate power rests with the people who form the electorate to elect their representatives.  Thus, the sovereignty lies in the people and is manifested through their opinion and will.  It is a political set-up by consent of eh voters. In a genuine democracy, the consent of the people is active and effective.  People exercise this consent from time to time indirectly through their elected representatives.  The consent given to the representatives to govern and make laws can be withdrawn by the people when they so desire.

India is a democratic county.  Here the will and consent of the majority prevail.  It is a government in which each and every individual has some participation, some share.  Democracy provides for the expression and development of the individuals.  Every individual here has the freedom to realize his intellectual, economical and spiritual potentials to the maximum.  This means that Indian democracy is a political arrangement with particular economic, social and political approach. 

            In Ian everybody is equal before law.  Each and every human being is guaranteed freedom to develop himself to the fullest possible extent without any hindrance.  Equality is the essence of democracy and all the citizens have equality of opportunity nut it never means regimentation and rigid uniformity.  And this lends variety, diversity and plurality in unity.  As a nation India is one but as individuals the citizens are free to follow their own individual faith, religion, desires and ways of life.  It means individual diversities and national unity and integrity are not incompatible but rather complementary.

            The economic aspect of democracy means that each and every citizen is made to live a goo dandy meaningful life with at least minimum needs of life easily available. Democracy means bringing the gap between the rich and the poor and raising the standard of living of the masses.  True democracy implies that nobody goes to bed hungry, that he has at least simple roof over his head and clothes to veer his body.  These are the ideals of democracy, challenges which should be faced and met. 

            Defection and desertion is another great danger to Indian democracy. Political leaders without policies programmed, principles and moral values often change their loyalties form one faction to another for petty personal and party gains and destabilize the governments and balance of power. Such unscrupulous leaders do not hesitate to cause split in their political parties to grab power with the help of other political factions with whom they have no harmony, understanding or policy-accord at all.  Such unholy alliances and strange bed-fellowship have abnormally increased in recent years. 

            Criminalization of politics poses a great danger to our democracy.  Politicians in high places and positions have nexus with criminals, mafias, and antisocial elements and use them blatantly against tie adversaries.  Political murders, kidnappings, abductions and threes have become very common.  They indulge in buying of the votes, threatening the voters, booth-capturing, violence, shooting and killing during the election and in such a situating democracy becomes a sheer mockery.  Election Commission should to curb some of these evils effectively.  There should be transparency in election-funding, electioneering and expenditure of the candidates.  Often the party in power misuses electronic media of rites electioneering purpose.  All these evils be checked and eliminate.   


Essay No. 02




Since the days of Aristotle, democracy has been the ideal of political philosophers. Since the French Revolution, government of the people, by the people and for the people through their chosen representatives, has been the ideal form of government for all nations. Democracy, according to George Bernard Shaw is “a social order aiming at the greatest available welfare for the population and not for a class”.

The origin of democracy may be traced to remote period of human history. The Vedic king in ancient India was controlled by Sabha and Samiti. Moreover, the village republics of the ancient India were in essence democratic. There was a system of electing an executive responsible to Panchayat and liable to be recalled at any time. In ancient Greece and Rome reference is made to magistracies replacing the king. In the age of Pericles, Government was run by popular assemblies. In the time of Plato and Aristotle, the direct democracy of Greece had won glory. Thus, democratic idea is not a new idea, but it has assimilated a tremendous political sanction in the modern times.

Democracy can be direct as well as indirect. Direct democracy implies that every citizen has a say in the affairs of his country. In ancient Greece, this form of Government prevailed to a great extent. In those days, there were city-states. All the people could assemble in a place and could debate the issues at leisure and then decide them through a show of hands. The casting of votes thus presented no problem. Things have undergone a radical change. In the modern times, the States have grown in size, becoming so vast that direct democracy has to take the recourse to indirect democracy, that is, Government by means of the elected representatives and not through direct methods.

The chief merit of democracy is that it is based upon the principles of consent and equality. Will, not force, is the basis of State. Government subsists on the co-operation and consent of the governed, all of whom are equal. Democracy thus rejects the aristocratic canon: “Some are born to rule and others to obey”. It grants no special privilege to an individual and upholds the dignity of the common man. Distinctions of caste, creed, colour or sex do not deprive anyone of his ‘natural right’.

Another important aspect of democracy is that it flourishes on the food of debates and discussion. It upholds the principle of liberty. The democratic slogan is “liberty, equality and fraternity”. Freedom of thought, expression and association are thus basic postulates of democracy. People can freely criticize the government and use all peaceful and legitimate means to change it, if it does not reflect their wishes.

On the other hand, if we compare democracy with dictatorship—its greatest rival—we find that democracy is better form of government. Dictatorships are modern version of monarchy. Difference of opinion, freedom of speech, and even the development of individual freedom are the things that are greatly hampered under a dictatorship. There is a regimentation of society and the dictator is all in all. The dictator subordinates the individual to the State and the State in his own will.

Both democracy and dictatorship may degenerate. But it is easier for the latter to develop into autocracy, than for the former to degenerate into mob rule. Besides, the aggressive nationalism, which dictatorship glorifies, is a challenge to internationalism, and a menace to the world peace.

Orthodox democracy has proved itself miserably unequal to the requirements of a modern State. The need is to modify the traditional institutions of democracy to suit present day conditions. The inefficiency of democracy first became noticeable in its economic aspect. One of the most important problems for democracies, therefore, is to manage their economic system in such a way, as to ensure for everybody a reasonably high standard of living, coupled with a reasonable amount of security and liberty.


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  1. Mahima says:

    Very supportive

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