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Essay on “Guru Nanak Dev Ji” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Essay No. 01

          A precious child was born in 1469 in Khatri family at Talwandi, near Lahore. The village is called Nankana Sahib which is now in Pakistan. The name of the boy was Nanak, known to the world as guru Nanak Dev. At the age of seven he joined the village school. He was very intelligent, and learned the alphabet in one day. Once he composed a beautiful hymn which  is now in Guru Granth Sahib.


          He used to think about God for hours together. When his father gave him 20 Rs. To do some profitable business he spent the money on feeding the hungry men. Nanak was married at the age of 14. But even marriage could not stop him from thinking about God. His father sent him to Sultanpur and was made a govt. Store keeper by the Governor, Daulat Khan Lodhi. He was quite sincere to his work. Morning after taking a bath in Kalibai river he went into the forest. There he heard the command of God to teach the people to remember Him. He turned saint from that day.


          He preached that the people are not Hindus and Muslims but the children of one God. He believed in one god. To spread his message he visited many places in India. He taught people to believe in god. He went to Arabia also. After his return from there he lived near river Tapi at Kartarpur until he died.


Essay No. 02


Guru Nanak Dev Ji


India : Founder of Sikhism

Birth : 1469       

Guru Nanak Dev was a great reformer and one of the prominent leaders of the Bhakti movement that swept across the country during 15th-16th century. He was born in an age of religious bigotry when Hindus and Muslims were clashing frequently for the protection of their respective faiths. Nanak was much distressed at this religious conflict and so he pleaded for liberalization in the religious practice. He therefore, preached oneness of God for both Hindus and Muslims. He denounced all forms of ritualism, ceremonialism, superstitions and hypocrisies prevalent in the religious life of the contemporary society and laid supreme stress on true faith, simplicity and purity of life and the religious tolerance. Nanak stood for Hindu-Muslim unity fusing together the fundamental and essential precepts of Hinduism and Islam Guru Nanak founded a new religion. Later on this religion came to be known as Sikhism. Love and equality were the foundation of his religion. For the propagation of his religious views Nanak left his home and became a saint. He toured widely and went even upto Mecca-Medina teaching to the people lessons of love and truth. Soon he had a large following and allowed people of opposing faith to become his disciples. After travelling extensively fot about twenty five years Guru Nanak settled in Kartarpur and continued to preach from there leading the life of an ordinary peasant. His teachings are collected in the ‘Guru Granth Sahib’, the sacred book of Sikhs.

Guru, Nanak was born on 15th April 1469 in Nanakana Sahib, Talwandi (now in Pakistan). At the age of fifteen he was taught Punjabi, Hindi, Persian and Sanskrit. He was very brilliant and quiet by nature. When he turned eighteen he was married to Sulakshna Devi. Two sons names Luxmi Chand and Sri Chand were born to him. The various places which Guru Nanak Dev toured have now become holy shrines for the Sikhs. Guru Nanak Devji dedicated his worldly existence in 1539 and became merged into eternity.

The lessons of communal harmony and goodwill of Guru Nanak Dev are still of great relevance.


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