Home » 10th Class » Essay on “Energy Crisis in the World” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay on “Energy Crisis in the World” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Energy Crisis in the World

Or

The World on the Brink of an Oil Crisis

Or

Harnessing New sources of Energy

 

    In an industrially advanced world of today, the demand for energy is increasing day by day. Energy is required to run our factories and machines, to run our planes, trains, cars and buses, to drive our ships and submarines, to make the wheel move.  The major sources of energy so far have been coal and oil.  But with the passage of time, coal and oil are bound to be used up.  According to all indications, it is clear that the world is heading fast towards a major energy  crisis.  It is estimated that at the present rate of consumption, entire estimated range of recoverable oil in the world will be completely  exhausted by the year 2015 or 2025.

                The position in respect of coal in the world is also equally bad.  In another 25 to 30 years, the coal mines would stop giving out coal.  It will be a difficult situation.  The developing countries of the world have already started looking for other sources of energy.  Atomic energy, which  promises a big hope, is full of risks and hazards.  Moreover, atomic energy can be produced only at a very high cost. It has been calculated that nuclear construction costs  are rising every day.  They have now risen to 1000 dollars a kilowatt from one hundred dollars in 1960.  Again, nuclear plants do not last forever.  Their average life is 50 years.  When they are dead, they cannot be dismantled like any other plant.  They have to be buried deep and guarded forever.  For these reasons the world has to think twice before committing itself completely to nuclear power.

                The scientists are now trying to harness solar, biogas, water and air reserves.  Water is being used  in a big way to produce hydroelectric power at comparatively cheaper rates.  Similarly, air mills are being developed in advanced countries of the world.  Solar energy, too, has a bright future.  Thermal generating units depending upon solar energy are being developed at a fast rate.  Giant dishes are made to concentrate the sunlight on the thermal generators which use this sunlight to produce energy.  Animal and human wastes are also being rapidly exploited as a source of energy.

                The position in respect of energy in India is not very discouraging .  The production of oil in the country is fast increasing.  It has doubled from 15 million tonnes to 30 million tonnes during the last five years.  India is able to produce 60 per cent of her needs but it cannot hope to be self- sufficient soon.  India has already started harnessing sources other than oil and coal.  But she can do so only with the constraints of the capital resources available with her.  Thirty per cent of the country’s capital investment under the Seventh Plan was used for the energy sector.  At present, we are paying a very high price for our petrol.  Kerosene, the poor man’s fuel, is rationed.  Water pumps in the agricultural farms have no diesel, shortage of furnace oil is threatening the closure of several industries.

                A few years ago, our oil experts were highly optimistic as they struck oil in the Bombay High wells, “We have hit the jackpot,” said they.  The ONGC authorities have discovered oil at a few more discovered oil fields.  As the situation stands today we are not producing enough while our consumption is increasing every week.

                All this only means that our planners must rise to the occasion and evolve a national energy policy to make use of all the available sources so that the country is saved from a difficult situation and the sun. On the international field, the developed countries of the world must launch a massive programme for harnessing all available sources of energy.  They must also help the relatively less affluent countries to harness new sources of energy i.e. unconventional sources of energy.

 

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  1. Anak says:

    Well it is good attempte to help others and also for me so thanke

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