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Essay on “E-governance” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

  
        
          

E-governance

E-governance of late has made significant strides, and the government, both at the centre and the state level are approaching the issue with a sense of purpose and commitment. The sense of urgency has been instilled owing to advent of new technologies, development of appropriate content coupled with the interest evinced by the international agencies as also the appreciation given to the government functionaries to rise to the occasion to deliver to the citizen’s good governance. This is also reflected in the recent Union Budget, which has earmarked significant resources, in spite of budgetary constraints.

E-Governance is being promoted as a matter of priority as it induces a transparent working in the government, and catalyses efficiency. The happier note stems from the fact that both the President and the Prime Minister of Indian have shown the urgency in the promotion and implementation of e-Governance programmers all for the cause of the common man in the country. No doubt this is no less a daunting task. Issues of budget, costs of technology, connectivity, affordability, accessibility of ICT services are still roadblocks to e- Governance initiatives in the country.

Recent e-Governance Initiatives

That e-Governance efforts in India are on the upswing has been recently demonstrated more than once. The latest in the series is the e-Governance project MCA-21of the Ministry of Company Affairs launched by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. On the occasion, the Prime Minister has once again expressed the UPA regime’s commitment to go ahead with various e-Governance initiatives. MCA-21: On March 18, 2006, the project MCA-21 was launched as an initiative of the Ministry of Company Affairs (MCA) as a flagship e-Governance project of the Government of India, covering the core services vis-à- vis the Ministry. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) shall be the operator of the product to be implemented in 60 week’s time frame across all MCA locations. The implementation of the project is scheduled in two phases. The project is being launched as a visionary one in nature aiming at repositioning the Ministry as a modern and dynamic one with latest information technology solutions. One of the objectives is to ensure a paperless office with a record 6 crore (0.6 millions) pages of company documents to be digitized for the purpose and stored in National ID Card: One important benchmark for e-Governance has been pointed put as issuance of a national citizen ID card. The Indian subsidiary of Oracle Corporation for the purpose, Oracle India had announced an initiative in September 2005, of issuing national identity cards, christened as Multipurpose National Identity cards (MNIC) to Indian citizens, in collaboration with the Union Home Ministry. The role of the MNIC would be to provide a unique National Identity Number to every citizen.

e-Governance : Budget no crunch

The implementation of e-Governance must have received a tremendous boost with the Union Finance Minister in his recent budget coming out with a road map suggesting this be achieved by a three-pronged strategy by implementing it at the central level, at the level to the state and by integration between agencies wherever its need is felt. The road map would cost about Rs. 5,000 crores to implement it across the country. Observers have pointed out that the objectives of NeGP seems to have been addressed partially as the budget has announced that 26 projects for computerization of data of the banks and insurance companies would be initiated this financial year.

Even though implementation of e-Governance has seen some light of the day, yet this is still to find some eminence and focus in the budget of various state governments in the country. A number of e-Governance initiatives have been launched across many states in India with a missionary zeal though the results are mixed. States like Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Uttranchal, Mdhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Punjab and the Union Territory Chandigarh and Delhi Administrations have taken a lead in initiating various e-Gov projects like services delivery to citizens online. However, states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Manipur are yet to take any significant step in this Hyderabad first and e- governance project set up under the aegis of the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, has been conferred with Golden Icon National Award 2005 for outstanding innovations in e-governance by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Government of India. Adding another feather in its e-gov ventures, the state government of Karnataka has taken a major leap in e-governance, by computerization of whole of the treasury operations of the state called as Khajane, which is Kannada, to treasury. The Ninth National Conference on e-governance bestowed it the Silver Icon for outstanding performance in service deliverance in the professional category. This Khajana initiative has ushered in an era of transparency in financial Jharkhand, the eastern state, has become the first in India to launch and implement the ambitious Rs. 15,000 crore special national e-Governance plan. The state has embarked on a state natural resources management system that would map the natural resources of the state and also monitor its excavation and production by deploying GIS and remote sensing. IT expertise and services from Sweden has been solicited by the Department of IT, India, to facilitate setting up e-governance service and modules in 1, 00,000 villages of India. In similar vein, soliciting voice recognition technology like GPON from Japan is seen as a logical step given the country’s tryst with oral traditions. It is expected that voice recognition software could overcome the barrier of literacy and facilitate faster implementation of e-governance. One important aspect of these tie-ups is seen in overcoming budgetary constraints for india in launching and implementing IT and ICT projects in the country.

So far so good. The launch, motivations, awards and initiatives are all good indicators of e-governance mode of governance in the country and in her respective state. The satisfaction lies in the urgency to implement various projects to deliver services to the citizens of the country yet the goals of various initiatives have to be defined, together with issues of funding, security, monitoring and sustaining the projects. This apart, the issue of digital divides, whether e-governance programs have taken steps to bridge technology gaps in society is critical for any e-governance programmers. One realizes whether this can be done through a nation level initiatives, to tap the pool of experts which has its concentration in the private sector, especially in According to Kiley Report, if the 15 th and 16 th centuries were about exploring and opening up of the planet, the late 20 th and 21th centuries are about the exploration of new terra incognita of the mind and the shift that is taking place in the mind. This is all about acceleration of the mind the joining up of information and knowledge faster than the speed of light. This creates exponential growth, sets the climate for originality and the birth of With the advent of e-governance human knowledge is doubling every seven to ten years. Communication is now almost instantaneous. Few developments, if any in the modern history of public administration and governance have been as heralded as the coming of electronic governance. E-governance is not simply about automating current ways of doing business. With the new tools of a networked society, governance must re- think and re-engineer itself. E-governance is not merely computerizing existing governance; it is transforming the existing governance. E-G is the ICT-enabled route to achieve good governance as it integrates people, processes, information and technology for achieving governance goals. E-governance involves new styles of leadership, new ways of deciding policy, new ways of accessing education, acquiring knowledge and delivering information and services.

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