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Essay on “An Indian farmer” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

An Indian farmer

          An Indian farmer is one of the most important members of society. He is the giver of food to the people, to all practical purposes.

          He gets up early in the morning and goes to his fields. Nowadays in a number of states, the days of ploughing the fields with the help of oxen are almost over except for the farmers who are too poor to purchase a tractor.

          The farmer has many kinds of works to do. He ploughs his fields. He sows the seeds. He waters the fields regularly. He has to take care of the crops. He has to protect them against hail and frost. He has to apply compost and fertilizers. He has also to sprinkle insecticides and pesticides to protect the crops against pests and insects.

          Most of the old farmers are illiterate. But the farmers of the new generation are mostly educated. Their being educated helps them a lot. They get the soil of their fields tested in a laboratory.

          Most of the farmers are not interested in free electricity and water. They rather want an uninterrupted supply of electricity for which they are ready to pay.

          Small farmers should also start some cottage industries. Crop rotation system and contract crop system has been started in some states. Such steps are in the right direction and will help the farmers in the long run.


Essay No. 2


The Indian Farmer

India is a an agricultural country. More than 75% of its population lives in villages. People work as farmers. But it is pity that our farmer lives in poverty though he is the back-bone of our country. He works hard and gets little to eat.

The present condition of Indian farmer is very bad. He is too poor to have some comforts of life. he has very few clothes. He lives in an ordinary house. It is made of mud. It is not properly ventilated. It is dark and unhealthy. Our farmer is ignorant. He lives in dirt. He does not know the importance of cleanliness. He is open to diseases.

The Indian farmer is very hardworking. He is very honest. He works in the fields from morning till evening. The scorching heat of the sun. the cold winter winds and the heavy rain cannot stop him from doing his work outside the house. He is the son of the nature.

The  Indian farmer is quite ignorant. He still follows the old methods of agriculture. Owing to t his poverty and ignorance, he cannot (or does not) make use of scientific  implements and fertilizers as well. Indian agriculture is dependedent on the monsoon. Very   often it fails, sometimes it destroys his standing crops. Thus monsoon betrays our farmers. Frequently, rains cause floods which destroy crops. Thus we see that poverty and ignorance are two great curses for the Indian farmer.

The remedy of the Indian farmer’s backwardness lies in spreading literacy among the farmers. Government should help them with money, implements and good seeds. There should be good arrangements for irrigation also.

It is a matter of great pleasure that today Government   is doing is best to help the Indian farmer. His position has now improved. He is now buying better agricultural implements, good seeds and fertilizers. The old out- dated plough is now being replaced by the tractor.

In the days of English rule the farmer was in the clutches of money lenders and land lords. But now the position is changed. The government , co- operative societies an d banks are helping our farmers. These three agencies have brought revolution in rural credit.

Distribution of surplus land, consolidation of land holdings, implementation of ceiling laws and other land reforms have brought about a change in the status of Indian farmer. Welfare measures like spread of education , electrification and supply of water, building of roads, schools and hospitals have raised the standards of living of the farmer. Now he lives in the pucca houses and puts on better clothes. He looks very cheerful. If our farmers and we should co- operate our government, the conditions of the Indian farmer will improve in the future.

Essay No. 3

The Indian Farmer

India is an agricultural country. Majority of its population lives in villages and depend on agriculture. The Indian farmer is the backbone of the society. His importance in the economy of the country cannot be over-emphasized. He grows corn, vegetables and fruits for our food and cotton for our clothes.

The Indian farmer is a hard working  man. He works form morning till evening in the scorching heat and biting cold. Early in the morning he drives his oxen to the fields. He ploughs the fields, sows seeds and waters the plants. An Indians famer depends on monsoon. He looks after the crops and saves them from being spoiled by stray cattle or wild animals. He enjoys no holyday. At noon he takes his meals under a shady tree and then takes a little rest. In the evening he returns home, tired and exhausted.               

The Indian farmer leads a simple life. he lives in a mud house, eats simple food and wears coarse clothes. Generally he is illiterate. He believes in old customs and superstitions. His cattle are his most valuable property. Often during drought crops fail and he is in trouble. When the crop  ripens, he feels happy. He reaps it, thrashes it and takes the corn to the market. In times of a bad harvest he had little money to buy  seeds and manure and he runs into debt.

An Indian farmer earns his bread by the sweet of this brow. He is never idle. Our late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri gave us the slogan, “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”, underlying the fact that farmer is an important as a soldier. Really he deserves a better treatment. More educational , medical and irrigational facilities should be provided to him. On him depends the well- being of the whole nation. In the real sense of the term, a farmer is the actual bread giver of the nation.

The farmer is fond of festivities. He spends lavishly on marriages and others social ceremonies. Recently , the use of agricultural machinery and chemical manures and the provision of credit facilities by cooperative societies and rural banks has improved his lot and changed his outlook on life.

In spite of being independent for the last more than fifty years we have not be able to improve the lot to Indian farmer. Most of them still live under the poverty line. They do not get full return of their yield and they continue to be poor and neglected. The biggest industry of India are not attracted towards the profession as it does not guarantee a prosperous living to them. The development in Science and Technology have not been able to make agriculture an  enviable profession. This is the reason of the biggest problem of this land, that is, unemployment. If modernized on  a large scale it can employ all the unemployed youths and the country will be for more prosperous than we dream about it.


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  1. Aayush Sethiya says:


  2. sarah jose says:

    this essay is really amazing and i used it for my speech..as the content was really good i was awarded the first prize…thanks a lot..
    requesting to publish more essays on differnt topics.
    Sarah Jose

  3. Aamir says:

    It helps to all over the world and have knowledge about farmer .How they live their life.
    It Helps everyone.

    Thank you

  4. this essay is really amazing and it is useful for cbse students.Thinks to http://evirtualguru.com

  5. Fatimah saleem says:

    I got a good reply from my classmates when I read this eassy to them,Thank you to convey the diffculty of our Indian farmers and the eassy was really good

  6. I got a great reply from my classmets when I read this eassy to them Thank you for conveying the diffculty of our Indian farmers and the content of the essay was really good

  7. Jasmine says:

    This essay is really amazing I am using it for my viva exam for 12th thanks alot for this amazing essay… 😘😘

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