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Essay on “Adult Education in India” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Adult Education in India

Or

Each One, Teach One

Or

Eradication of Illiteracy from India

Or

Education of the “Old Parrots”

Or

Three R’s for the Adults

 

“Education is the cheap defense of nations.”                                                             

—- Burke

 

                India is a democratic country.  No democracy can function successfully if its masses are illiterate.  In a democracy, people elect their own rulers.  The illiterate masses are generally exploited by clever politicians through empty slogans, false promise and high sounding arguments.  An educated and alert electorate is, therefore, the basic requirement of a true democracy.

                Unfortunately, India continues to be a very backward country in respect of literacy in spite of the fact that successive popular governments have been trying their best to spread literacy.  Our constitution also promises universal literacy and equality of opportunity for all.  Compulsory primary education for children between the age group of six to fourteen years has already been introduced.  Schools have been opened even in far-flung villages in the country.  Efforts are being earnestly made to force the children to come to schools.  It is really a commendable effort.

                Alongwith the education of the children, efforts are also being made to provide a knowledge of the three R’s (reading, writing and arithmetic) to the illiterate adult population in the country.  The project of Adult Education was launched on a big scale by the Janata Government in 1977. But the scheme could not see the light of the day because of the in-fighting and the internal squabbling of the various constituents of the Janata Government.

                When the Congress government came back to power, it decided to take up the project of Adult Education again.  It gave the slogan : ‘Each one, Teach one.’  It was an excellent idea.  The Central Government gave a concrete shape to the entire project and work was started in right earnest.

                The problem of educating ‘the old parrots’ is a colossal one.  There are about 450 million illiterate adults in the country.  First, they have to be persuaded and motivated to receive education.  Secondly, resources, personnel, equipment, teaching aids, buildings and other related materials have to be provided on a large scale.  Thirdly, huge amount of expenditure involved has to be arranged for.  In addition, there are several other related problems also.  But in spite of all this, the government is proceeding ahead with the project in all seriousness.

                The project has been handed over to more than 150 universities in the country.  Colleges affiliated to the universities have been asked to open and organize adult education centres for adults in their respective areas.  Each unit conducts teaching courses for 20-30 adults.  The curriculum includes in addition to the knowledge of the three R’s up to the primary standard level, a training in some socially useful activities.  Teachers manning each unit are suitably paid.  Suitable incentives are being paid to the adult learners so that more and more them willingly join the teaching centres.  It is hoped that lakhs of centres working in the country will certainly be able to achieve the desired targets.

                The problem of adult education is really a gave problem. But there is no need to be pessimistic about it.  Let the teachers and the concerned officials rise to the occasion and put themselves heart and soul into the noble task.  No government plain can succeed unless it is backed by the people.  We must give up the practice of sitting at the fence and throwing missiles or criticism and condemnation at the government.  Let us join the heroic effort and make this ambitious plan a grand success so that Gurudev Tagore’s dreams are converted into a reality.  He dreamt of an India. :—–

 

                “Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high ;

                 Where knowledge is free…………” 

 

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