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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Niccolo Machiavelli” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Niccolo Machiavelli

Italy : Child of his age

Born : 1469        Died : 1527

 

Machiavelli has the same place in Italian history as Chanakya has in ancient Indian history. He is called the ‘child of his age’. Exponent of cunning statesmanship, Machiavelli gave a new word to English language — Machiavellian — which means cunning, crafty and perfidious. He advised the state to adopt any means to keep itself strong and united, even if the means were devoid of political morality. He believed that political expediency rather than right is more acceptable.

Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Italy in the year 1469. He lived in the city of Florence. He established relations with many rulers when he worked as minister. He was a friend and well-wisher of the family of Lorenzo dc Medici. He married Mariette Oorsini in 1502. ‘The Prince’ in which he propounded his political philosophy is his most well known work. His last years of life were spent in sickness, poverty and he died at the age of 58.

Machiavelli is considered an important thinker as far as political thought is concerned. He used historical method instead of religious method. The age of Renaissance starts with him and the age of political equations came to an end. His philosophy reflects Renaissance and history of Florence. He gave a picture of a strong and united state. He believed that religion and politics arc two different practices and thoughts and politics has nothing to do with religion. According to him religion should be slave of politics and as such state should adopt all means, whether moral or immoral, to keep itself strong.

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