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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Dr. H.J. Bhabha” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Dr. H.J. Bhabha

 

India : Father of Atomic Energy Programme

Birth : 1909       Death : 1966

The eminent scientist who ushered India in the atomic age was Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha. It is due to the pioneering work done by Dr. Bhabha that India could make such an impressive progress in the field of atomic energy. Dr. Bhabha was appointed the first Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, set up in 1948. It was also largely due to his efforts that the nation’s first atomic research centre, now named Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, was established at Trombay, near Bombay. Under his expert guidance the nation’s first atomic reactor `Apsara’ was also commissioned in 1956. In 1945, he founded the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay. In fact, from 1945 to 1961, he worked consistently for the development of the atomic energy programme of the country.

Dr. Bhabha had a highly distinguished career and was are exceptionally bright student. He passed all his examinations from the Cam-bridge University in the highest grades. He took his engineering degree from this university in 1930 and Ph.D. in 1934. Even as a student, he made some fundamental discoveries in electricity, magnetism, quantum theory and the cosmic rays. Dr. Bhabha as the scientist of a very high calibre, received many national and international awards and honours. In 1942, he was awarded the ‘Adams’ award by the Cambridge University. In 1948, he received the ‘Hopkins’ award, and when he was only 32, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, London. In 1951, Bhabha was elected President of the Indian Science Congress. In 1955, he was elected the Chairman of the U.N. sponsored International Conference on the peaceful uses of the atomic energy held in Geneva. At this conference, Dr. Bhabha made a strong plea for a ban on the proliferation of nuclear power and demanded that manufacture of nuclear devices to be declared illegal. The government of India also honoured him with ‘Padma Bhushan’ in 1954.

Homi Jahangir Bhabha was born on 30th October 1909 in an educated and prosperous Parsee family of Bombay. He met a sudden death in an air disaster that occurred on 24 January 1966 in Europe.

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