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Essay, Biography or Paragraph on “Arthur Schopenhauer” complete biography for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Arthur Schopenhauer

 

Germany : A great philosopher and ideologist

Born : 1788        Died : 1860

Schopenhauer was one of the great philosophers who left an indelible mark of his original thinking for all times to come. Even before his death, his writings and views had become subject of reflection. His thoughts were discussed at length and even today his influence on later day philosophers is discernible.

Schopenhauer believed that the universe is only an external manifestation of will-power. We do not act according to our principles and accepted notions. On the other hand, we do everything as per our desires. Later, we invent reasons for our actions to justify them. Many philosophers have accepted this reasoning. His theory of pessimism is born out of the complex theories of intellectualism and universalism. He became famous as he made the people conscious of this truth. Many of his ideas were contrary to the established traditions and accepted norms. He wanted the society to have a distinct identity and a moral character. But, the society was not yet prepared to accept the loftiness of his high ideals. During this period of conflict, he came in contact with great poet Goethe. Goethe not only praised him but disseminated his thoughts amongst the intellectuals.

Schopenhauer studied Indian and Buddhist literature and felt close to Indian philosophy and spiritualism. After years of hard labour he wrote The World Has Will and Idea. This book made him a hero of the young people of Germany and the whole of Europe looked at him with respect. Arthur Schopenhauer was born on 22 February, 1788, at Danzing in Germany. His father was a businessman and his mother a novelist. His father died when he was only seventeen. He had to spend his entire life n misery facing indifference. He was a lover of solitude. He was always engrossed in his writings and thoughts. He had many romantic associations with young girls including Catherine. But, he preferred to remain in married. He died in a restaurant on December 21, 1860.

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